HOMEBREW Digest #1253 Sat 23 October 1993

Digest #1252 Digest #1254

		Rob Gardner, Digest Coordinator

  iodophor/Godzilla/yeast help (korz)
  Cranberries attn: M. Blongewicz (David Atkins)
  Temperature Controls (Kieran O'Connor)
  Hot priming and peach beer (19-Oct-1993 1709)
  mash procedure (Brian Bliss)
  oxidation confusion (Jim Sims)
  Beer hunting in Belgium: Part 2 (Brasserie de Silenrieux) ("Phillip Seitz")
  Re: HB law questions (Bob Wood)
  Cider (Meade Eggleston)
  liquid male extract (Geoff Reeves)
  Liquid Yeast: Friend or Fiend (Domenick Venezia)
  Relax, Don't worry, ... (Ulick Stafford)
  Re: Liquid Yeast (Jeff Frane)
  Amylase (COYOTE)
  WORT CHILLERS (greg.demkowicz)
  Hose vs copper tubing (Mike Sadul)
  Spruce Beer (REGINAH)
  HB law questions (Tom Leith MIR/ERL 362-6965)
  re: HB law questions (Mike Fertsch)
  Spruce Beer (John Scoblic)
  Hops FAQ nearly ready (npyle)
  Liquid Yeast: Friend or Fiend? (Tom Leith MIR/ERL 362-6965)
  grain storage (Mark Garti)
  Re: Applejack/distilling ("Pamela J. Day 7560")
  Homebrew and the law (Eric Wade)
  Belgian Special B  (Matthew Rowley) (ROWLEY)
  Alabama Laws (gjsparks)
  How Bad is Bad Beer? ("conley")
  Stores ("David S. Reher")

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Tue, 19 Oct 93 14:33 CDT From: korz at iepubj.att.com Subject: iodophor/Godzilla/yeast help Eric writes: >> Iodophor has a sort of metallic-chlorine-like taste ... It's less >objectionable to me than chlorine itself, though. I think the key has to be >to drain thoroughly after sanitizing with the stuff, and to use pretty low >levels to start with. ... 12ppm is easily detectable. We could do an >experiment... I don't know about the taste, but I've been told by the manufacturer, that Iodophor is non-toxic WHEN DRY. All the instructions regarding its use around brewing have included the mention of DRYING the sanitized article. >immediately for food service. FDA considers 10ppm iodine Around here 12.5ppm is what the Health Dept. requires. >safe for consumption, though iodophor solution also contains >phosphoric acid and isn't very tasty by itself. Not all iodophors contain phosphoric acid -- the "phor" has nothing to do with phosphoric acid -- this is what a chemist told me. I found a really interesting article in an ASBC publication from the 50's. I'll see if I can get around to posting some of the more interesting parts. >[The original beer was a "Belgian" brown... I would describe the flavor as >smoothly medicinal rather than infected] Smoothly medicinal sounds to me like stale grain. Some grains are more suceptable to developing a phenolic smell/flavor -- I've found that DeWolf-Cosyns CaraPils is the most likely to develop this problem of all the grains that I've tried. I was talking to Tim Norris about this recently and he suggested that perhaps it's the moisture content, since the CP has a high moisture content compared to the other DWC grains. The phenolic flavor I'm talking about is similar to BandAids(tm). Is that what you smelled/tasted? A little wheat malt can give you this flavor/aroma too. Any wheat in the recipe? ************************* Jack writes: > Keep in mind that Godzilla is for real but the others are just just fictional > characters. I agree. You then, being Mothra, must have just been a figment of our collective HBD imagination? ************************** David writes: >I'm a novice brewer (second batch) who has now learned, don't throw away >the labels to your mixes or yeasts! My question is about yeast. I >brewed two days ago a hopped extract for a strong ale. Before adding >the yeast to the (pre-)wort mix, I put it in water and warmed it. The >wort was at 70 degrees when I added the yeast. Forty-eight hours later, >there's been nary a bubble through my fermentation lock. Would >overwarming have killed the yeast, or was it more likely something else? How warm did you warm it? You should rehydrate yeast at between 90 and 110F and then let that slowly cool to your wort temperature before pitching. I suspect that either you A) didn't aerate your wort enough, in which case you should aerate the wort and add more yeast, B) shocked the yeast by rehydrating in too COOL a water, in which case you should wait some more, C) killed it by heating it over 130F, in which case you should add more yeast, or D) it has already fermented out the whole batch while you were not looking (is there a brown ring of crud on the walls of the fermenter, about an inch wide, just above the level of the wort? if yes, then it's probably D). If the lag time ends up being more than three or four days, then I would taste the beer before bottling and dump it if it got infected. Al. Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 19 Oct 93 11:57 CDT From: David Atkins <ATKINS at macc.wisc.edu> Subject: Cranberries attn: M. Blongewicz Apologies to subscribers for use of bandwidth... To Michael Blongenwicz-- Haven't gotten any cranberry recipies other that two mentioned in the Cat's Meow. Sorry I hadn't replied earlier, can't reach you via personal email. To readers--I'm still in the market for extract recipes using cranberries. Any experiences and tips would be appreciated. Thanks, David Atkins UW-Madison atkins at macc.wisc.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 19 Oct 1993 16:57:45 -0400 (EDT) From: Kieran O'Connor <koconnor at mailbox.syr.edu> Subject: Temperature Controls Folks-- As far as I know, there are only 3 temperature controllers for fridges--the Hunter, "The Controller" put out by Williams, and the Penn Temperature Control (this control needs modification). Could anyone tell me if there are any others they've used or heard of? Thanks, its for an article. BTW--who makes the Hunter Energy Monitor? Kieran O'Connor E-Mail Address: koconnor at mailbox.syr.edu Syracuse, N.Y. USA Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 19 Oct 93 17:15:42 EDT From: 19-Oct-1993 1709 <macneal at pate.enet.dec.com> Subject: Hot priming and peach beer Bart Thielges asked about adding hot priming sugar solution to wort for priming. I do that all the time and haven't seen a problem yet. I pour the boiling corn sugar/water solution into my bottling bucket and then start siphoning the beer into it. Steven Tollefsrud asked about a peach beer. I made one a couple of months ago when my peach tree started producing. I used a recipe from Dave Miller's "Brewing the World's Great Beers". It's basically a lightly hopped, lightly colored, wheat & barley beer. Ferment to near completion in primary and siphon onto 10 lbs. of crushed peaches in the secondary and let ferment another couple of weeks. It has a great peach aroma and a very light and refreshing taste. The biggest problem I had with it was separating the beer from the peaches. I ended up leaving almost a gallon of beer behind because of clogging siphons. This caused a bit of a complication since I primed for 5 gals -- the beer has to be well chilled to avoid gushers. Keith MacNeal Digital Equipment Corp. Hudson, MA Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 19 Oct 93 13:53:52 -0500 From: bliss at pixel.convex.com (Brian Bliss) Subject: mash procedure chris campanelli writes: >I skip the >mash-out and consistently get good yields. It should also be noted >that I use a picnic cooler and never perform a protein rest (I use >Belgian malts). My normal procedure exactly. It's worked like a charm for the past 20 batches. >I won't tell you how I grind my malt because I'll >then be forced to use the "C" word. "Crack"? "Cremate"? Oooooooh - "C R U _ _". (Hint - rhymes with "Lush"). Now if we could just manage to avoid using "Mash", "Sparge", "Efficiency", and "Lactic", maybe we could keep the hbd down to a reasonable size... bb Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 93 08:03:07 EDT From: sims at pdesds1.scra.org (Jim Sims) Subject: oxidation confusion >> >>> From: arne thormodsen <arnet at kaibutsu.cup.hp.com> >>> Subject: Oxidation and Filtering >>> >>> OK, I'll be the heretic. Hey, new brewers! DON'T worry about oxidation >>> when transferring to secondary. The beer is cool and saturated >>> (probably supersaturated) with CO2. If it foams a little when you >>> transfer it there is virtually no way it will oxidize, because CO2 is >>> coming out. >>> >>> Relax, have a homebrew, and shove that nasty ol' oxidation bogeyman back >>> in the closet where it (usually) belongs. >>> >>Seriously, fermented beer when young >>will have around 1 atmosphere of CO2 in solution. While this will rise >>out of solution as the beer is racked, the original posters experience >>with a filter is certainly going to introduce some degree of oxidation. >>A small degree of splashing into the secondary is OK, putting it through >>a filter/funnel is sure disaster. Its just not worth it, or necessary. >> Okay - I give up. How *do* I filter out those bits of gunk, fruit, etc from the primary (or secondary) fermenter when ready to bottle, without oxidizing? To say nothing of trying to filter out the hops, etc *before* going _into_ the primary.... jim Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 93 08:30:37 -0400 From: "Phillip Seitz" <p00644 at psilink.com> Subject: Beer hunting in Belgium: Part 2 (Brasserie de Silenrieux) Beer Hunting in Belgium: Part 2 of 7 Brasserie de Silenrieux (by Jim Busch: BUSCH at DAACDEV1.STX.COM) This brewery opened in December 1992, and is still largely unknown. A friend of one of our Belgium hosts had just visited the brewery the month before our we arrived in Belgium, and reported that they were brewing with unusual grains. So when a visit was suggested, we jumped on it. It turns out that the government of Belgium had the notion of developing brewing processes using non-traditional grains, primarily as a way to stimulate agricultural production and open markets for local agricultural products. Early research and small scale brewing experiments were performed in Canada and at the university of Louvain-la-Neuve. Successful beers were produced using buckwheat and spelt (a wheat relative) as principal ingredients. These experiments were underwritten by subsidies from the Belgian agriculture ministry, starting with 3-liter lab batches and working up to 6 hl batches using the brewing studies facilities at Louvain-la-Neuve. Monetary assistance may also have been provided to the organizers of the brewery, who have built a truly beautiful modern facility in the south of Belgium near Chimay and a vacation lake/camping area. The brewery consists of three dedicated production vessels; a mash tun, a special lauter tun, and the kettle. The mash tun and kettle are normal enough stainless steel vessels while the lauter tun (if one can call it a that--a separator might be more accurate) consists of a large SS vessel containing a removable circular basket, or strainer, and the strainer/basket is attached to a crane attached to overhead support structures. The strainer has slots in the bottom and up the sides about 1/2 a meter from the bottom. The entire saccrified mash is pumped from the mash tun into the basket, which is then slowly raised via the crane out of the lauter tun. In effect, the basket is used like a giant tea bag, with the liquid runoff flowing through the slots into the vessel, leaving the grains in the basket. The liquid is then pumped over to the kettle. There is no sparging performed. The brewers admitted to less than ideal extraction of sugars and a generally difficult separation stage. Three SS unitank fermenters are used as primary vessels while a fourth is used only for mixing the priming sugar prior to the hand filling of champagne-type bottles. A typical Belgium top fermenting "abbey" strain of yeast is used, most likely quite similar to that employed in numerous Belgium strong ale breweries, including La Chouffe, La Binchoise and possibly La Caracole. Kegs are also used, and are sanitized using forced steam; a steam hose is just pushed into the kegs and allowed to vent, resulting in about 120 decibels of noise pollution. Definitely not my idea of a nice working environment. The brewers were a bit frustrated in terms of keg sales since it is near impossible to break the stranglehold that the giant Belgium brewing consortium, Interbrew, has on tap handles in the country. One of the nice things about the design of this brewery is that there is a steel catwalk running the entire length of the brewing vessels, including the unitanks. This allows the brewer to do most of his work up top and close to the action. The brewery is generally well designed and constructed, although the brewers noted the difficulty involved in packaging the products. While the rest of the brewery is quite modern, there is no bottling line. A set of manual bottle fillers are used for the champagne bottles, and labels were applied to the bottles we bought the old-fashioned homebrew way--with milk. The brewhaus is separated from the tasting room by large plate glass windows. The ceiling of the tasting room is brick! We were able to sample the brewery's two products, Joseph and Sara. Joseph is a blonde beer of 6% ABV. It consists of 55-60% spelt and the balance pale malt. The bottle describes the product as "Bier d'Epeautre" (epautre=spelt). It is blond with a big creamy head, typical "abbey" aroma and some citrus notes. Despite being produced from a large percentage of cereal grains, the beer retains a high degree of malt/hop/yeast balance. It is a broad cross between abbey beers and the ever popular Wits. The beer is named after the person in the agriculture ministry who lobbied for the revival of spelt as a brewing and food grain and who, not coincidentally, provided the subsidies for the early brewing experiments. Sara is a brune (brown beer), called "Biere de Sarrasin" (sarrasin=buckwheat). It is produced from equal parts of buckwheat and malt and features a caramel aroma intermixed with the abbey esters with a fairly light caramel finish. This is a good beer, but did not approach the quality of the Joseph. It is also 6% ABV. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 93 09:28:09 EDT From: Bob Wood <wood at fs09.webo.dg.com> Subject: Re: HB law questions Scott Kaczorowski writes: > If I remember my beer-lore correctly, I thought Big Jimmy O'Carter made > homebrewing technically legal in this country (correcting an earlier > oversight). Being but a simple software engineer, my legal credentials > are a good approximation of nil, but I thought federal law superceded > state/local law. That is, if the Feds say it's OK for me to manufacture > certain kinds of drugs in my kitchen, then it doesn't matter one whit > what Missouri or any other state has to say about it. Yes? Not true. (You can decide for yourself whether this is good or bad). I don't want to rant too much on this, but the U.S. Constitution attempts to give states the ability to make their own laws, while giving the federal government jurisdiction over inter-state issues (interstate commerce, dealing with foreign countries, etc.) and enforcing rights guaranteed by the constitution. When the feds want to enact a law which appears outside their jurisdiction, they generally do it in one of these ways: * Pass a constitutional amendment (prohibition, for example). * Argue that the issue crosses state boundaries and therefore is already within their jurisdiction (FCC, for example). * Impose taxes/licensing on some products or services (brewing). * Threaten to withhold federal revenue from states unless the states pass their own laws for which the feds otherwise have no jurisdiction (many highway laws). In the case of beer brewing, the feds collect taxes on alcoholic beverages. The change that Carter signed simply said that if you make less than a certain amount of beer for your own use, the feds won't tax you on it, and won't require any special licensing. There is no guarantee that any particular state won't further restrict home brewing. I think there is little chance of a U.S. Constitutional amendment being passed to guarantee the right to brew beer. Are there active movements in the more restrictive states to have their state laws changed? - -- bob wood Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 19 Oct 93 16:54 From: MEADE.SRVRHOST at test.readmore.com (Meade Eggleston) Subject: Cider Hi all. I'm planning on making a batch of hard cider. I'll was going to/may still use store bought cider. The only problem is that the only cider I can find has 1/20 of 1% Potassium Sorbate. Not being the chemist I wasn't sure if this stuff would kill the yeast I planned on adding (Yeast Labs Cider). What is the Potassium Sorbate suppose to do? Will it allow me to ferment with my own yeast? Any unpleasant effect/tastes using cider with it mixed in? Also, I was wondering about the effects of using Campden Tablets in the Cider. I am a little leery about using any Please e-mail me directly and I'll summarize the responses. Thanks, Meade Eggleston meade at readmore.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 08:45:12 -0700 From: reeves at lanl.gov (Geoff Reeves) Subject: liquid male extract >This formula uses 1.042 for a pound of >DME (dry malt extract) in a gallon of water, about 1.034 for >LME (liquid male extract), and about 1.029 for speciality grains. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Yuck! I wouldn't put that stuff in my beer! Geoff Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 07:42:11 -0700 (PDT) From: Domenick Venezia <venezia at zgi.com> Subject: Liquid Yeast: Friend or Fiend In HBD 1251 Jerome asks if liquid yeast is Friend or Fiend. FRIEND!! Liquid yeast is a friend. My beer got much better when I switched to liquid yeasts. Although the Wyeast package says you can just pitch directly from the package, my experience is that this is not a good idea and a starter is absolutely necessary. Why? The number of yeast cells in the Wyeast package is very low and results in an incredible under pitch which can lead to very long lag times raising the risk of infection. > I had gotten a WYeast American Ale packet, and burst the inner packet > on Thursday evening. Sure enough, by noon on Saturday it was nice and > puffy. My 1043 wort was at 70F, and all was well with the ...snip > ...wait for fermentation to begin, but lo! nothing happens and keeps on not > happening until Monday morning. It has been my experience that Wyeast is ready to pitch after about 24 hrs, sometimes less. By the time the package is really puffed the yeast has gone way past high kraesen (sic?), and flocculated. It's had a good meal and dozed off. Pitching this means not only are you under pitching, but you are under pitching sleeping yeast that will need some time to wake up. By using a starter you can pitch more cells and perhaps better time your pitch to occur just before high kraesen. So I think that a 48 hr lag time (Sat-Mon) is not unexpected. Another thing to watch out for is that dry yeast is often contaminated with bacteria. Reusing slurry from a dry yeast fermentation may allow the bacterial population to build up to infection levels. Let me suggest that you download the yeast FAQ from sierra.stanford.edu to get some guidance in propagating a yeast starter. Liquid yeast is your friend. You just have to treat 'em right. Domenick Venezia ZymoGenetics, Inc. venezia at zgi.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 93 10:34:46 EST From: Ulick Stafford <ulick at michaelangelo.helios.nd.edu> Subject: Relax, Don't worry, ... In 1251 jmp at shoe.wustl.edu related difficulties with Wyeast used straight. I remeber using Wyest straight and having 2 day lags, but so what? If the system is clean there won't be any contamination. The last thing I would do is worry and contaminate a $4 culture with a 30cent sachet of microflora assortment. And you'll develop plenty of slurry for a quick fermentation. If using a Wyeast one should make a starter, and if it's a lager the starter should be around a gallon. Onanother note that I will refer to as Chicago time warp. How come a response from js appeared before the posting from Chris C to which it responded (in 1250)? _____________________________________________________________________________ 'Hey Ma'am! I'm not an athlete. I'm a ball | Ulick Stafford, PP-ASEL player' - John Kruk, Phillies firstbaseman | Dept of Chemical Engineering, responding to a woman who told him he was a | Notre Dame, IN 46556 bad athletic role model sitting at a bar | ulick at darwin.cc.nd.edu drinking and smoking. | Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 09:32:42 -0700 (PDT) From: gummitch at techbook.com (Jeff Frane) Subject: Re: Liquid Yeast Jerome Peirick writes: Liquid Yeast: Friend or Fiend? > > So far, a dull story. But the reason for the post is that this the third time > in four instances of liquid yeast use that this happened to me. The questions > I have are: > > Why does this happen? > Why does liquid yeast seem so my less robust than dry? > Should this happen when I use the liquid yeast _as_directed_on_the_package? > Should I just admit abject failure and use dry yeasts exclusively? > Jerome, this happens because you are (a) underpitching and (b) probably under-aerating. There is a fairly small quantity of yeast in the package, which is why the general wisdom is that you need a starter. A starter (which is really very simple to put together and use) will get the cell counts up to something approximating the correct number. You will never get counts like that simply pitching from the package. Dry yeasts generally have much higher counts, although the percentage of viable cells in the packages isn't very high. It is possible to get a decent fermentation from the packet, but it's asking a lot, and it requires a very fresh package and extremely thorough aeration of the wort prior to pitching. You should: follow the instructions on making a starter wort, and beging the process of building up your yeast several days before brewing; and you should shake the bejabbers out of your cooled wort (or follow some more advanced instructions about using an aquarium pump to aerate -- see Dave Miller's articles in Brewing Techniques). You *will* see a difference in the quality of your beer. Really. Scott Kaczorowski writes: > If I remember my beer-lore correctly, I thought Big Jimmy O'Carter made > homebrewing technically legal in this country (correcting an earlier > oversight). Being but a simple software engineer, my legal credentials > are a good approximation of nil, but I thought federal law superceded > state/local law. That is, if the Feds say it's OK for me to manufacture > certain kinds of drugs in my kitchen, then it doesn't matter one whit > what Missouri or any other state has to say about it. Yes? > No. State law supercedes federal law in this instance. This is why each state has been able to set guidelines for alcohol content, drinking age, etc. (for example, in Oregon and Washington you can only buy distilled beverages from state-operated liquor stores, while in nearby California you can buy the stuff virtually anywhere). On the other hand, while the federal government prohibited homebrewing, the state could *not* allow it. Clear? No? Well, it doesn't make any sense to me either. - --Jeff Frane Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 10:41:14 -0600 (MDT) From: COYOTE <SLK6P at cc.usu.edu> Subject: Amylase ************************************************************ > >When should Alpha Amalyse be used? >Thanks,Steve * Amylase (sp!) is a combination of alpha and beta amylase. Two starchdegrading enzymes- diastatic enzymes. Most commercial "amylase" is actually diastase- a mix of alpha and beta amylase. The alpha cuts the middle of enzymes (endo-) while beta chops off the ends (exo-). Alphas are most active at 65-67 deg C, or 149-153 deg F. Beta works at 52-62 deg C, 126-144 deg F. Alpha inactivates at 67 deg C (153), while beta ceases at 65 deg C(149). These temps are not exact cutoffs and inactivation takes a period of time (40 min-2hrs) to completely eliminate activity. Both enzymes will be active simultaneously. A higher temp mash will result in more unfermentables (more complex sugars) by favoring the alpha activity, whereas a lower temp will favor the beta and smaller more "digestable" sugars for the yeast. Amylases and other enzymes are present in pale malts (grains) and some other grains (munich, vienna...etc). If you are mashing they are there and required for the process. If you are using extracts you don't need to worry about them. If you do a partial mash, or add something like flaked corn (NOT Kellogs!) or rice you need to have enzymes convert the starches to fermentable sugars. For this you can use pale malt, or some purified amylase. You can add amylase to a mash if you are not getting good yields- but probably better to work out a system that works more effectively! Someone mentioned using flaked corn in an extract beer and making tea with it. What is the point of that? You are adding starch. Corn can lighten a beers body while adding fermentables w/o much color or substance, but where is the advantage in an extract brew? Has anyone done this? Does anyone have a REASON behind doing this? Hope some of this helps a bit. John (The Coyote) Wyllie SLK6P at cc.usu.edu *** Kevin asks: >Why do you consider distilling to be dangerous? There is an element of risk > involved with making anything. (including fried chicken) Distillers simply > take a fermented product and evaporate and condense the alcohol. > > >Illegal? Yes. Dangerous? Hardly. > *Can you say DEATH & BLINDNESS! Ethyl alcohol goes to a vapor within a specific temperature range ( I ain't gonna quote it!) while OTHER alcohols vaporize at different temps. While ethanol won't do us any harm...well...maybe a little nausea in excess...a bit of a headache... some other alcohols, or components of a ferment could do some harm. If it's done right- sure you can get a fine distilled product. I even tried one once- could've dropped it in a NA beer too, but I wanted to try it straight. Tasty it was! (peeka boo!) I don't have all the chemistry here to explain it...but there are dangers in distilling. That is WHY there are real laws about it, and why those WILL be enforced, as depicted by such "fine" TV programs. Look it up in a library. Most universities will have something on it. "I can't see I can't see" John (The Coyote) Wyllie "Why not?!" SLK6P at cc.usu.edu "I got my eyes shut! Nyuck Nyuck" ****************************************************************** Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 93 12:15:11 -0400 [EDT] From: greg.demkowicz at circellar.com Subject: WORT CHILLERS There's been a lot of posts about what type and size of wort chillers to use, be it cold water bath, immersion, or counter-flow. Most counter-flow designs are based on a length of 3/8" copper tubing passing through the center of a garden hose. This is quite effective, but awkward to use. So, here's a question for all you Thermodynamic type people: how effective would a 30 foot length of 3/8" diameter, coiled copper tubing, be in a 2 foot long, 4" inside diameter, PVC pipe? Essentially, I want to place the coil inside the PVC, with the ends of the coil entering and exiting the capped ends of the PVC. The cooling water would enter the capped ends as well, but counter-flow. The "coil" diameter would be about 3.5", resulting in a circumference of about 11". With each "coil" spaced about 1/4" apart, the length would be about 2 feet. Of course the length and size of the copper tubing can be altered, (the PVC diameter is the max. I can get) but, is the idea feasible? Any comments appreciated. Greg Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 12:51:00 -0400 From: mike.sadul at canrem.com (Mike Sadul) Subject: Hose vs copper tubing Norm writes: > I just bought a thick-wall polyethylene hose to run from my lauter > tun to my boiler. The hose I use now is a thin-wall vinyl hose > which has a tendency to collapse when the hot liquor is flowing > through it. I was also concerned over the use of a plastic hose in the kettle and the fact that the hose was close to the open flame of the propane burner near the side of the kettle. Also, The hose flattened out where it looped up before going into the kettle. My solution was to use a length of 3/8 copper tubing inside the kettle and attach the hose to that. The top of the tubing has an S curve so that I can hang it on the kettle itself. It's a tight fit, so it doesn't fall out if you accidentaly yank the hose. The bottom of the tube is 1/4 inch off the bottom of the kettle. This minimizes (eliminates) splashing of the hot wort as it flows into the kettle. The outside end curves back up so that the hose coming in meets it straight on and doesn't droop and flatten out. 'Why I'm not an artist' ASCII graphics to follow: Lid __ ----------+--+-------- # I /I\ # Plastic hose I | I | # I | I / # I | I| / I | I \ __/ Copper tube I | I I | I I Kettle | I I | I I | I +--------------------+ Mike mike.sadul at canrem.com Return to table of contents
Date: 20 Oct 93 13:19:17 From: REGINAH at SOCIOLOGY.lan.mcgill.ca Subject: Spruce Beer I just wanted to say a word in defense of spruce beer- I made a batch using Papazian's recipe, with 1 oz of spruce essence, and it was good. Yes, it was odd, earthy even, but I grew up drinking the soda versions of birch and spruce beer. My spruce beer had similar taste without the sugar. It may be that spruce essences and extracts are highly variable in quality. For that matter, spruce trees are probably variable in quality. If anybody wants to know, I can check up on the brand name of the essence I used. If spruce beer sounds interesting to you, don't be deterred. Regina Harrison McGill University reginah at sociology.lan.mcgill.ca Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 13:14:33 -0500 From: trl at photos.wustl.edu (Tom Leith MIR/ERL 362-6965) Subject: HB law questions Scott Kaczorowski says: >my legal credentials are a good approximation of nil, but I >thought federal law superceded state/local law. That is, if the >Feds say it's OK for me to manufacture certain kinds of drugs in >my kitchen, then it doesn't matter one whit what Missouri or any >other state has to say about it. Yes? Federal law supercedes state law except when it doesn't. What they often do, and did in this case, was leave further regulation of brewing to the states. ie: "Its OK for you to manufacture up to 200 gallons of certain drug-containing beverages in your kitchen unless your local government objects, in which case you're stuck with the more restrictive regulations." Funny how they can write whatever laws they want... t Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 93 13:50:00 EDT From: mferts at taec.com (Mike Fertsch) Subject: re: HB law questions Scott Kaczorowski speculates on the Federal statue allowing homebrewing, and questions Federal law superseeding local laws. >If I remember my beer-lore correctly, I thought Carter made >homebrewing technically legal in this country (correcting an earlier >oversight). I thought federal law superceded state/local law. My guess is that the law removed the Federal restriction on brewing. This is not the same as saying the law grants permission to brew. Without a Federal restriction, states and localities are allowed to make their own regulations. This is why dry towns and dry counties are allowed to exist. Mike Fertsch (mferts at taec.com) Return to table of contents
Date: 20 Oct 1993 10:19:18 -0800 From: John Scoblic <KFJLS at acad1.alaska.edu> Subject: Spruce Beer You guys are giving Spruce Beer a bad rap! I've been making it for four years and have to keep it quiet that I have a new batch in the fermenter. My friends hound me for a taste of the elixer. I use Papazian's recipe with 4 oz of spruce tips picked from a Spruce tree (not hemlock) in the spring added like hops (in the hops bag). I have NEVER had a bad batch nor a sappy or any other off flavor. I have never used essence. Being a purist, I think it poor style but I would suggest just a hint of Spruce essence and then add more in future batches. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 93 12:17:10 MDT From: npyle at n33.stortek.com Subject: Hops FAQ nearly ready The Hops FAQ is nearing completion but I have one sticking point. I've used IBU's so long that I can't recall the definition of HBU. I looked up AAU in Miller's and Line's books, and I have that. Rager says the two are the same, i.e. AAU=HBU but Al Korzonas mentioned that he thought one of them was batch size dependent, based on a 5 gallon batch (and that rang a bell with me). According to Miller and Line, AAU is just the alpha acid percentage multiplied by the weight in ounces. This leaves HBU as being the batch size dependent one if they are not the same. This should be simple but I figured the quickest way to get the answer to this would be here on the HBD. Thanks for your input. Expect to see this thing in the next few days. Old Lucifer (the barley wine from hell that just won't quit!) update: OG=1.039 after 4 weeks. At this rate I may bottle it before Christmas after all! norm Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 13:22:47 -0500 From: trl at photos.wustl.edu (Tom Leith MIR/ERL 362-6965) Subject: Liquid Yeast: Friend or Fiend? Jerome Pierick asks in HDB #1251 (essentially) about yeast pitching rates, and the instructions on the Wyeast packages which say essentially that sufficient yeast cells for a five gallon batch are grown in 50 ml of wort. He goes on to say he has experienced lag times exceeding 48 hours, and wants to know why this is versus the dry yeast he's been using. Finally, he asks about repitching yeast grown from a dry yeast culture. Well, I've used Wyeast as directed on the package and I experience lag times just like Jermome. IMNSHO, the directions on the Wyeast package do a great disservice to homebrewers as well as the company. Yes, it *will work* but its far from ideal. According to various sources summarized by Patrick Weix in the famous HBD Yeast FAQ (what would we do without those TLAs?) says that you need 1 volume of yeast solids per 250 volumes of wort for lager yeasts, and 2/3 that rate for ale yeasts. This translates roughly to 2 cups of yeast slurry in a five gallon batch of ale, or three cups in a batch of lager. Compare this with the teaspoon or so you dump out of a Wyeast package. When the term "yeast slurry" is used I thake this to mean the tan stuff that'll settle out of a wort after fermentation. The Wyeast package contains about ten teaspoons of wort, but no where near that much yeast slurry. Well, I rarely pitch at ideal rates. Usually I step Wyeast up twice, using a pint of sterile wort each time. This yields maybe 1/2 cup of slurry. Still a far cry from ideal, but much better than the package directions produce. Usually the beer is fermenting away the next morning. When the planets are properly aligned, I sometimes pour a new wort on top of the yeast cake in my secondary fermenter to make a second beer. This is much closer to the ideal pitching rate, and I get amazing fermentations when I do this. Very short lag times -- just a couple hours. So, what's a brewer to do? If you don't want to take the time to step your Wyeast up, and I can perfectly well understand why you wouldn't, you can follow the directions on the package, and thoroughly aerate your wort. This works, and makes very tasty beer. Just count on longer-than-ideal lag times. This means you'll want to be scrupulous about sanitation. Wear rubber gloves, use plenty o' bleach, and all that. If you do these things I think any pure Wyeast or YeastLabs culture will produce a better beer than any dry yeast I know of. I keep a package of dry yeast around in case a wort isn't fermenting after 72 hours. I used one once, and the beer was OK. This is I think what Jerome is doing after 36 - 48 hours. If you DO continue to use dry yeast, repitching is not recommended. ALL dry yeast is contaminated with wild yeast and bacteria. But there's a lot more good yeast than contaminants, so the yeast effectively out-competes the other beasts for the goodies in your wort. But the contamination is still there, and will increase in concentration with subsequent reuse of the culture. The reason you see such short lag times is that there's lots more yeast in the dry package than in the Wyeast package. Hope some of this helps... t Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 93 14:32:43 EDT From: garti at mrg.xyplex.com (Mark Garti) Subject: grain storage what are people using to store their grain in? how long, under good conditions, will the grain be fresh? besides rats, are there any problems associated with buying and keeping 50 lbs of grain? mrgarti at xyplex.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 14:41:00 EST From: "Pamela J. Day 7560" <DAY at A1.TCH.HARVARD.EDU> Subject: Re: Applejack/distilling Hello All, Because freezing hard cider to make apple jack concentrates the alcohol in the solution, a physical separation if you will, technically it's not a distillation. Distillation is used mainly to purify, as well as separate;concentrating the solution is a benificial side effect. Applejack is one of those things you can play dumb over, "jeeze I had no idea it would do that officer! I just wanted to keep it from going bad.". Any of you who have ever seen a "still" know that it obviously can't be passed off for anything else. However, I'm just a lowly research tech., not a lawyer (thank god!) so I can't quote laws, but as far as I'm concerned making apple jack wouldn't be illegal because you aren't doing any distillation. BTW, distilling hard cider would result in apple brandy, not that I wish to plant ideas into anyone's head. While I'm at it, I can see why cops & the law (especially the ones who haven't got a clue) would confuse homebrew apparatus with distillation apparatus. Those of you who cool your wort with copper coils beware, they're the give-away as far identifying moonshiners! Cheers! Pam Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 13:00:46 -0700 (PDT) From: Eric Wade <ericwade at CLASS.ORG> Subject: Homebrew and the law COYOTE <SLK6P at cc.usu.edu> writes: >*also note: Brewking sack ad in Sharper Image quotes: > "federal govert allows you to make up to 25 gallons of >homemad beer each year. <snip> >Damn at 25 gal/yr I could be done brewing in 2 weeks! >Too bad The Sharper Image doesn't have a Sharper grasp of the >legality. Correct. Federal law allows for the production of 200 gallons per year per household if there are 2 or more adults in the household or 100 gallons/year if there is only one adult. Scott writes: >If I remember my beer-lore correctly, I thought Big Jimmy O'Carter made >homebrewing technically legal in this country (correcting an earlier >oversight). Being but a simple software engineer, my legal credentials >are a good approximation of nil, but I thought federal law superceded >state/local law. That is, if the Feds say it's OK for me to manufacture >certain kinds of drugs in my kitchen, then it doesn't matter one whit >what Missouri or any other state has to say about it. Yes? As a simple law librarian I can't program my way out of a paper bag (well I might get that far, but maybe not) but I think I can clarify this misunderstanding a bit. The law that Carter signed exempted homebrew (within limits, e.g. 200 gallons/household) from excise taxes. The oversight Scott refers to is that an earlier law that exempted home winemaking from the excise tax did not do the same for beer. Now, exempting homebrew from excise taxes ain't quite the same as providing a constitutional right to brew. I guess that since many of our founding fathers were brewers and nobody had threatened this right, they didn't seem fit to include it in the Constitution. This being the case, I believe state goverments can pretty much do as they please. On the other hand, if the feds said homebrewing is illegal, the states couldn't say otherwise. =Eric <ericwade at class.org> Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 16:23:09 -0500 (UTC -05:00) From: ROWLEY at kuhub.cc.ukans.edu Subject: Belgian Special B (Matthew Rowley) Howdy, all. I've just snagged some Belgian Special B to use in an Irish red. This will be the first time I've ever worked with the stuff, but look forward to it. Does anyone have any experience using Special B? I thought that I might put some into my next porter or stout, but would like to hear from you if you've any suggestions on how/how not to handle this grain: Temperatures, proportions, that sort of thing. As to beer drinks: in college, we used to concoct "beer busters": one can/bottle of commercial beer, one shot o' vodka, a spot of Tabasco: viola! A beer buster! Looks nasty, tastes like beer, just a little hot. Very soon after this, I started homebrewing. You draw the connection. Perhaps explains why I want chilies away from my goddamned brewpot. ;) Matt Rowley Dept of Anthropology University of Kansas rowley at kuhub.cc.ukans.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 93 17:18:40 EDT From: gjsparks at aol.com Subject: Alabama Laws Some comments and questions in the HBD concerning whether xhomebrewing is legal in all 50 states prompted me to investigate the situation here (to borrow a phrase) in the beer wastelands of Alabama. According to Mr. Charles Ball of the Alabama Beverage Control Board Enforcement Office in Montgomery: 1) Homebrewing is strictly illegal in the state of Alabama. 2) Transporting any alcoholic beverage into AL (as a personal citizen, not a distributor, obviously) is strictly illegal; distributors must comply with all of AL's labelling and tax requirements. 3) Distributors are prevented by law from importing any beer with greater than 4% alcohol by weight (5% by volume). 4) Commercial breweries (microbreweries, brewpubs, et al.) must be built in an historic building or historic district in which draft beer was sold prior to Prohibition (??). My personal impression is that they don't really care about enforcing the homebrew laws (unless one were to try and sell it or some other obvious violation). This was the extent of the information I got in the short conversation I had with Mr. Ball; I am also interested in what the federal regulations are, and how they interact with the state laws. If anyone can provide me with or direct me to this information, please e-mail me, or if it's sufficiently interesting, post it here. Maybe a compilation of basic regulations for all 50 states could be created? Thanks. gjsparks at aol.com Return to table of contents
Date: 20 Oct 93 17:46:57 U From: "conley" <conley at macgw1.crd.ge.com> Subject: How Bad is Bad Beer? Hi Home Brewers, I have just started Home Brew'n. I haven't even tasted my first batch yet. I have a couple of questions. (I apologize if they have already come up) First, what kind of critters can invade a bad batch? What is the worst illness that you have heard of from drinking 'bad beer'? I followed all the cleaning directions (B'Brite) and don't think any thing went wrong but just want to know. Second, what is a good McEwan's taste alike? I have had this beer and like it's style. Happy Brew'n Doug. Douglas J Conley. GE Corporate Research & Development conley at crd.ge.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1993 23:30:29 UTC+0100 From: "David S. Reher" <soso203 at sis.ucm.es> Subject: Stores Can anyone give me addresses for Homebrewing stores in Europe that serve mail orders? Thank You. Antonio S. Reher. Spain. Return to table of contents
End of HOMEBREW Digest #1253, 10/23/93