HOMEBREW Digest #1705 Thu 13 April 1995

Digest #1704 Digest #1706

		Rob Gardner, Digest Janitor

  Minor Crushoff, Ft-lbs, Bitter Orange ("Palmer.John")
  Wheat Head Problems (Elde)
  Water Conditioning (Rob McDonald)
  Jay and Jack (Russell Mast)
  The yeast that did nothing (Neal Lerner)
  questions ("Dulisse, Brian")
  Bierre de garde (kit.anderson)
  Oatmeal Stout without head (Matt_K)
  re: Kegging (Curt Eastman)
  The SnobBrew Digest? (Rick Magnan)
  How I lost my zymur-ginity...Part II (Paul Shallbetter)
  Easy masher spigot thing (Matthew Robert Koster)
  Buying Beer in Atlanta (Michael McGuire**STUDGUPPY**)
  Re: Bad Beer (Chris Strickland)
  decoction/sparging/capping/WS 68 (A. J. deLange)
  American vs. French Oak for kegs (Yeastbud)
  Gelatin (Jeff Renner)
  Re: Using Cuisinart (John Hartman)
  Oops? (MnMGuy)
  yeast starters ("James Giacalone")
  Felinfoel (Russell Mast)
  Gelatin (Russell Mast)
  summary: storing starters (Michael Mendenhall)
  Mashing Dark Grains ("Palmer.John")
  Gelatin Usage (Jeff Guillet)
  How/when cut hop roots ? (Kevin Cavanaugh)
  Just Hops ("Penn, Thomas")
  Partial Mash Procedures (Elde)
  PBS? (Alan P Van Dyke)
  Double Dragon (Tim Fahrner)
  san fran and monterey (marc)
  1st Round - Chicago - 2nd Call (Dennis Davison)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: 10 Apr 1995 09:47:28 U From: "Palmer.John" <palmer at ssdgwy.mdc.com> Subject: Minor Crushoff, Ft-lbs, Bitter Orange Hi Group, Scott Kaczorowski and I brewed a 12 gallon batch of Santa Nevada Porter Saturday and he brought over his Glatt Maltmill so we could compare it to my JSP Maltmill is a side by side performance evaluation. Let me preface by saying that I am speaking a bit tongue-in-cheek here, this was by no means a scientific test. We ground a cup of grain in each, put the two samples side by side in a plastic bucket lid and looked at it. I forget what spacing Scott set on the Glatt Mill on, it was somewhere in the middle of the range. My JSP mill is the fixed spacing version. The two crushes of 2 Row Lager Malt looked identical. No real difference between them. Each sample had some "just squished" grains, a couple broken in half at the middle, but the vast majority was well crushed with non-shredded hulls. The Glatt Mill did crank easier than the JSP Mill, but this is only relative, neither mill would have overtaxed a child. The only real difference between the two was the thru-put. The JSP Mill had probably 3 times the thru-put of the Glatt Mill, likely a result of the increased roller length and diamond knurling of the JSP which seemed to "pull" the grain into the rollers better than the longitudinal grooves of the Glatt. Taking turns, we crushed 22 lbs of assorted grain in 10-15 minutes on the JSP. The only improvement I would recommend for the JSP Maltmill is to mount a shed door handle to the pressboard base to provide a good grip while cranking because it sits on top of a standard 5-7 gal bucket. When you are grinding some tougher malt like crystal and the bucket is moving and being tippy, gripping the smooth baseboard to keep it steady is not ideal. A simple handle, the kind you slip all your fingers thru, would help tremendously. I plan to do this before the next batch. ** FYI, in the aerospace industry, the standard term for torque on all the spec.s is Ft-lb (and inch-lb). We're engineers, we know what we mean, and this way we don't confuse the guys in the shop. We stood around and laughed at a Checker who wanted to revise a Space Station drawing to change it to lb-ft. ** For those brewers looking for a west coast supply of Bitter Orange Peel, the Home Brewery homebrew supply shop in San Bernardino, CA is now stocking it because of the local demand. The owners, Dennis and Rae Minikel, are members of our homebrew club, the Crown of the Valley Brewers, based in Pasadena CA. Their Order Line is (800) 622-7393. ** John J. Palmer - Metallurgist for MDA-SSD M&P johnj at primenet.com Huntington Beach, California Palmer House Brewery and Smithy - www.primenet.com/~johnj/ Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 13:02:54 -0400 From: Elde at aol.com Subject: Wheat Head Problems In my latest batch of (Edme Kit) Wheat, the head is very nice, but rapidly fades. I've finally got the carbonation level where I want it, but now to make it foam and stay! Derek. Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 95 13:07 EDT From: rob at maccs.dcss.mcmaster.ca (Rob McDonald) Subject: Water Conditioning After a few years of extract brewing, I decided to try all grain brewing. My darker brews were fine, but lagers and american style ales always had a harsh astringent quality. I discovered that my tap water is extremely alkaline (pH = 8.8 - 9.0). Dave Miller suggests that USP hydrochloric acid is the ideal agent to neutralize alkaline water. 1) Has anybody tried this? 2) If so what recommendations can you make. 3) Can anybody suggest why this wouldn't be a good idea? I could just buy bottled water, but then I could just buy beer too :-). .....rob EMAIL: rob at maccs.dcss.mcmaster.ca <<< Standard Disclaimers Apply >>> Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 12:28:20 -0500 From: Russell Mast <rmast at fnbc.com> Subject: Jay and Jack Jack says : > Did not! Jay says : > Did too! If you two don't stop that I'm going to pull over and you're both going to walk home! Seriously, guys, if you want a flame-fest, take it elsewhere. If either of you have something constructive to say, as both of you often do, then say it, by all means. But leave the flames out. Speaking of constructive, I tried to e-mail something to A2J at CU.NIH.GOV about taking home a cup o' yeast from yer local brewery. It's a great idea, and I went in to more detail in my e-mail, which was bounced. Check to make sure your address is being correctly represented here. -R Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 13:54:26 -0400 (EDT) From: Neal Lerner <nlerner at acs.bu.edu> Subject: The yeast that did nothing Hi, folks. I'm a long-time lurker coming out with a question about my first major brewing problem (well, there was that spiced ale that was undrinkable, but that's another story): I brewed up a brown ale (from all grain, OG around 1.059) a week ago, and pitched a pint starter of some yeast I had cultured from a bottle of Rogue's Shakespeare Stout (the culturing was done on a slant a la Dave Draper's great faq). Well, there was krausening within 24 hours, there was some slow CO2 bubbling from the airlock, and most of the yeast seemed to do their thing and then drop out of suspension, but when I took a gravity reading after a week, nothing had happened; SG was still 1.059! Hmm, did I pitch one of those dreaded "carbonation" yeasts? I tasted the brew (the wort, really), and it tastes sweet, slightly yeasty, not perceptibly "off" yet. This morning I repitched with a starter of Wyeast 1056 and figured I'd let this yeast do it's thing and taste again before transferring to a secondary. My questions: What did that first yeast actually do if it did absolutely no consumption of sugars? Does this brown ale have a shot at drinkability? Will I be back at the homebrew store next weekend buying grain (for re-doing this batch, anyway)? TIA Neal Lerner nlerner at acs.bu.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 95 15:01:00 EST From: "Dulisse, Brian" <BBD4 at CIPCOD1.EM.CDC.GOV> Subject: questions i made the all grain plunge and brewed my first batch yesterday. for the most part, it worked out really well. the worst part was that i started to measure the sg of the runnings too early (being the curious sort, i started measuring as soon as i stopped recirculating, and then measured every so often; in a real "doh" maneuver, i spaced and did not chill the initial samples down to 60f, so i was fairly quickly measuring my sg as 1.020, and measured very often after that so as not to sparge past 1.008 . . . i caught on when i was measuring 1.010). other than that, it wasn't bad, and i'm hooked. but now i gots some questions . . . 1. i've always kind of skipped over the digest discussions of extraction, so i'm just guessing here, but i figure that the correct way to calculate this is (sg of the unboiled wort - 1)*(# gal of unboiled wort)/(lbs grain). yes? no? 2. i used an infusion mash, 2 gal 168f water for 6 lbs 2 row and .75 lb. crystal. i stirred it up to get all the grain wet, then let it sit for an hour. upon opening the cooler, i measured the temperature of the thick part at the top in the 140s, while the temp at the bottom was in the low 150s. is this normal? shuld i have opened the cooler up halfway through and stirred? i worried that 140s was insufficient to convert, so i added some 180f water to raise temp of the top part to about 152, and let it sit another 20 min. good? bad? if bad, why? 3. getting caught up in the moment, i didn't mash out. if i'm going to mash out, how much hot water (and at what temperature) should i add (i.e., is it better to use less 212f water or more 180f water?) 4. as i described above, my sparge took a long time. does this raise any problems? next time, i'll know better, but is a long sparge actually a cause for concern? 5. this isn't specific to all-grain, but i'll throw it in. having had some problems with getting batches to finish properly, i concluded that the problem was insufficient aeration. i bought an aquarium pump and some aeration stones. are the standard bonded sand stones ok to use? what about the plastic tubing that comes with it (i.e., should i go out and buy different tubing?) when i used the pump, i could only turn it on for about 5 - 10 minutes at a time because the foam generated by the air filled up the headspace. how do others deal with this problem? i seem to recall posts where people just turn the thing on for 4 - 8 hours at a time, with no mention of really big messes on the kitchen floor. thanks bd Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 95 15:31:01 -0500 From: kit.anderson at acornbbs.com Subject: Bierre de garde Bierre de Garde by Kit Anderson Since winning my first best of show at SNERHC (Southern New England Regional Homebrew Competition) with a rare style (bierre de garde), my life has not been the same what with having to unlist my phone, going out in public with dark sunglasses, writers' cramp leading to carpal tunnel syndrome from having to continuously sign autographs in the supermarket, product endorsements, and a string talk show appearances. I have decided to expose my secrets in the hope that others will have similar success and my life will return to a somewhat normal state. It was originally a farmhouse ale brewed in small batches by farmer/brewers in the Flemish speaking area of northern France. By WWI, many brewers moved to bottom fermenting yeast but kept the fermentation relatively high (60F). Locals would buy the beer out of primary and allow secondary fermentation in crocks at their homes. As a style, it is extemely variable. It is similar to the "red beer" phenomenon in that you have a great deal of leeway in what you throw into the kettle since it is not a specific style. Consider it a beer typical of this region rather than the overly specific AHA definition. Looking at the largest selling commercial imports, they have an OG of 1060-1074. 5.6-6.6% ABV. There should be an ale like fruitiness, but restrained. The accent is on malt, usually of a spicy, aromatic specification. Vienna malt is predominant grain in the mash. A long vigorous boil is used for carmelization and the saccharificaton temperature leans towards a dextrinous wort. The color is 35-40 EBC. Hops are spicy, but soft. 22-30 IBU using Brewers' Gold, Hallertau, Spalt, and Hersbruck. The water should be soft. Some people insist on cellar characteristics of oak, cork, or ageing. Lagering at 35F for one month leads to smoothness. Commercial companies usually produce several beers of increasing strenghts and colors as well and stronger winter beers going from deep gold 4.5% ABV to 7%ABV dark winter beers. My recipe: Bierre De Garde for 5 US gallons Vienna 9 lb Crystal 80 .25 lb Wheat .5 lb Aromatic .25 lb Infusion mash (RIMS) per Dr. Fix (40-60-70C). N. Brewer .5 oz 8.8% 60 min N.Brewer .5 oz 8.8% 20 min H. Hallertau .5 oz 5.25 2 min Boil 120 min Yeast Labs' Munich Lager 26 IBU 16 Lovibond- 40 EBC OG 1063 FG 1015 Primary 5 days at 70F Secondary 14 days at 45F Best of Show at SNERHC. Judges comments: Delicious, creamy. You captured the earthiness this style requires. Very bright. Head stays to the end of the beer. 41 points. Kit "Travels With Chiles" Anderson Bath, Maine <kit.anderson at acornbbs.com> * - --- * CMPQwk #1.4 * UNREGISTERED EVALUATION COPY Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 95 16:11:45 edt From: Matt_K at ceo.sts-systems.ca Subject: Oatmeal Stout without head Message: I recently brewed an Oatmeal Stout and the stuff is absolutely wonderful with the exception that head retention is zip. Now this may be purely aesthetic but it is bugging me. A brewbuddy of mine has brewed several Oatmeal Stouts and all have had the same problem but none of our other batches have had a problem. The grain bill for this batch was as follows: MASH 90 min 9 lb Canadian 2 Row 1 lb Caramel 1.5 lb Carapils .25 lb Flaked Wheat 1 lb rolled oats cooked for 10 min and added to mash after 10 minutes Steep for 15 min .5 lb Roast Barley 1 oz Black Patent .3 lb Chocolate malt The oats I used were ordinary no-name rolled oats I found in the cupboard. What happens when I our a glass is that it has a nice head at first. After 20 seconds the bubbles are big like soap bubbles anf after another 20 seconds they are gone. My assupmtion is that something in the oats (oils?) is killing the head. Any suggestions what is causing this and how it can be fixed? One of the reasons I brewed an Oatmeal Stout is that my brew buddy has had these head retention problems in the past and I thought I could do better. Yeah.... right!! This is now turning into a grudge match. Me against the Oatmeal stout! P.S. Thank's to another friend I now have a sig line. I AM COMPLETE!! Matt, in Montreal Suds.... Gotta love'em! -Kenny King- Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 16:25:09 -0500 From: eastman at kingcrab.nrl.navy.mil (Curt Eastman) Subject: re: Kegging In #1702, Wade writes: >in hbd1697 jim asks about kegging questions ..... in general, you need >to keep the recommended pressure for >the carbonation you desire, whether that is from the co2 bottle or from >priming sugar. when you prime the keg probably reached 15+ psi, but the >carbonation was 'lost' when the keg was 'let down' to less than 10psi. i >keep my kegs at 12 to 15psi at 40 deg f (the temperature component is >important). hope this helps. I finally think I figured out what happened to my first attempt at kegging. I had read (shortly before I kegged my first batch) in the hbd that there is a potential for over pressurization to stop the activity of the yeast. I primed an IPA with the recommended amt of corn sugar (1/3 C if I remember correctly) and dumped into my Keg. I had a heck of a time getting the lid of my corny keg to seal - I finally did it with about 20lb pressure. I didn't relax as much as I should have and bled some CO2 off to decrease the pressure. Probably an OK thing to do at the start. But each day after that I released a little bit of pressure to keep from inhibiting the yeast. What I got 3.5 weeks later (70 deg contitioning) was a delicious flat beer. I let it go another 2 weeks and still no better. I am force carbonating it now and will see if that works. Next time I will just leave it alone until I'm ready to drink. If I'm totally off on this please let me know. Thanks, -Curt Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 17:30:44 -0400 (EDT) From: Rick Magnan <magnan at jimmy.harvard.edu> Subject: The SnobBrew Digest? From: Jay Hersh <hersh at x.org>: >said forum is commercial free and invitation only, targeted at advanced >homebrewers, sory if this annoys you but in America we are still allowed the >freedom to choose who we associate with. Subscription requests acceptance is >based on several things. Maintaining a manageable size, maintaining discussion >of desired quality and maintaning a Private and commercial free discussion. >Think of it as the PBS of homebrewing... Not quite Jay, PBS is *public* television, and you don't need to an invitation in order to receive the benefits. - ----- I'm grateful to all you out there who contribute your knowledge, time and postings to the *HBD* !! (and I apologize for diluting whats been an excellent S/N ratio over that last few months). Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 95 17:09:25 -0500 From: pshallbe at faribault.polaristel.net (Paul Shallbetter) Subject: How I lost my zymur-ginity...Part II I was very happy to receive over forty replies to my beginner's brewing questions. Thanks to all who responded. ON SIPHONING/RACKING/TRANSFER: Most respondents agreed that correct transfer of wort from the primary to a secondary fermenter exposed the beer to either excessive oxygen (leading to diacetyl flavors or worse) or risk of innocculation by airborne bacteria. This was a classic "beginner's" mistake that I made in my first 3 batches. I thought one was SUPPOSED to allow the beer to splash vigorously into the carboy. Wrong-O, buddy! Transfer of the beer must be sedate and as "anaerobic" as possible. Problem is, the transfer tubing that came with my "Master Brewer From Hell Kit" is only two feet long! It will not reach to the bottom of my carboy. Time to make the small investment in tubling...or use single- stage fermentation. Thirty of the forty respondents liked the idea of racking the beer in order to leave the sediment, break material, and dead yeast behind. The rest felt it was too much trouble to literally rack (using a curved, hard plastic racking cane) between the primary and the secondary fermenters, although all agreed that racking was a good idea before priming and bottling. ON CARBONATION: Those who responded to the carbonation question agreed that I probably was either conditioning the beer at too low a temperature, for too short a time, or that I was worrying too much. The fact of the matter is that the instructions for my first batch (from Brew n' Grow of Minneapolis) said NOTHING about boiling the priming sugar in water prior to adding it to the wort. Yes it makes common sense to do so, but the instructions said nothing about it! The other problem is not of carbonation, but of EXPECTATION. If the begining brewer expects a "beer commercial" head and a CoorMillBud bubble content from an extract kit, (s)he will doubtlessly be disappointed, said the respondents. Homebrew is not commercial beer (thank God). Don't expect it to look, feel or taste like that garbage you've been drinking since high school. It turned out that Papazian is right...I should have relaxed, not worried, and had a homebrew. My second batch after sufficient conditioning time in the bottles is very satisfactory, has a nice mouth feel and good carbonation...and even a decent (although thin) head. I have now made four ales, ranging from an Edme "just add water and sugar" hopped malt extract beer to a three-malt brown ale with adjunct grains. While it's too early to tell about batches 3 and 4 (3 is in the bottles, aging, and 4 went into the primary last night), I am well satisfied with my progress as a homebrewer. Again, thanks to all who wrote me with advice. Rest assured I'll ask again when I need help! Paul Shallbetter pshallbe at faribault.polaristel.net "Can ANYBODY help me find a hydrometer I CAN READ!?" Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 17:19:36 -0500 (CDT) From: Matthew Robert Koster <matthewk at csd.uwm.edu> Subject: Easy masher spigot thing Hi all, Does anyone have any experience with the Easy Masher spigot thing. It's usually in the classifieds in zymurgy. It's a spigot with a screen to filter out the grains. Are they any good? Will this take place of a lauter-tun? Any comments or personal testimonies would be very helpful. Mk... p.s. I'm going to be attaching this to a stainless steel half barrel keg. Is it pretty easy to do. p.s.^2 How much are they? Mk... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ + Matt Koster - Milwaukee, WI - matthewk at csd.uwm.edu + + WWW: http://www.uwm.edu/~matthewk/ + +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 95 16:58:02 CDT From: mcguire at ebs330.eb.uah.edu (Michael McGuire**STUDGUPPY**) Subject: Buying Beer in Atlanta Hi Folks, I'm headed to Hotlanta for the weekend and was interested in finding some good places to buy beer. I'm interested in finding some Helles, Lambics(sp), Scottish ales, and maybe a good Belgium Double or Tripple. The only beer stores I've been to are Mack's near Gatech and Dekab County Farmers Market in Decatur. Thanks in Advance Mike Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 19:51:35 -0400 From: cstrick at iu.net (Chris Strickland) Subject: Re: Bad Beer Here's another use for bad beer. I pour the bottles on fire ants hills in my vegetable garden (since I'm strictly organic I avoid poisons). It doesn't kill em, but several bottles will force the ants to move somewhere else. - -------------- Chris Strickland cstrick at iu.net Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 16:47:08 -0500 From: ajdel at interramp.com (A. J. deLange) Subject: decoction/sparging/capping/WS 68 In #1701 From: "Lee A. Menegoni" <lmenegoni at nectech.com> lists reasons for decoction mashing. Here's my list of pro's: 1. Breaks down protein matrix to release starch 2. Gelatinizes starch 3. Extracts, coagulates and precipitates tannins and silicates so that one need not worry about temp/pH of sparge (see 5 in list of cons below). 4. Reduces pH of rest mash upon return. 5. Produces flavor and aroma compounds (melanoidins). 6. Less trub fromed in main boil. 7. Less cold break material. 8. Less chance of raw starch carry over from lauter tun to kettle (but see 8 in list of cons) 9. Thicker mashes possible than with step infusion. ...and of cons: 1. Complicated. 2. Time consuming. 3. Requires additional equipment. 4. Darkens bee.r 5. Long lagering required to complex and precipitate tannins. 6. Danger of scorching in decoction vessel. 7. High energy utilization. 8. In double decoction danger of transfer of starch released if not fully broken down in rest mash. danz at rtp.semi.harris.com (George Danz 919-405-3632) wondered about sparging with boiling water thus >...I'm wondering if there just isn't enough time in the hot stuff to cause significant leaching of tannins? Stick a thermometer into the grain bed while sparging with boiling water. Unless your set up is very different from mine you will find that the grain temperature will gradually drift down from 170 (assuming you did a mash-out) into the 150's even though boiling water is going onto the top. The sparge water falls from the ring onto the surface of standing water which should be a half inch or so deep. This allows plenty of time for cooling. If hotter water were available (no one need post reminders that the boiling point of water is 212F or suggesting sparging under pressure) I would use it as even boiling water won't keep the grain bed temperature up where I want it and low grain bed temperature means long lauter/sparges especially with viscous worts such as encountered in wheat beers. Remember that the grain husks are at the bottom of the bed; farthest from where the hot water hits the column. In other words, use boiling water for sparging without fear as long as the grain bed temperature is below 170. The first part of this post shows that decoction mashers have a bit more lattitude in this regard. In #1702 "Harrington, Stephen J" <sharrington at msmail4.hac.com> commented with respect to leaving caps on bottles for a while before crimping: >I think that the layer of CO2 comes from the CO2 coming out of solution >as it warms (especially true for lagers). Bottle fillers in breweries use this very principal. They mechanically knock the bottle or distrub the beer by shooting a fine jet of water or beer into the neck of the bottle to cause it to foam. Then cap in then popped on and crimped. "Wuerstl, Matthew A." <WUERSTL at WMAVM7.VNET.IBM.COM> asks: >... if anyone knows of a quick disconnect type connection for use on >the tank side of the CO2 line. Something along the lines of an air compressor >disconnect but smaller? Such a device is made by "Hansen Coupling Division, Cleveland Ohio" according to the stamping on the side. I get these at retail from my local homebrew shop and they are great (but a bit expensive). Observant readers will recognize that name from the connectors on soda kegs. They are about the same size as the very similar devices found on air compressor hoses. "mike spinelli" <paa3983 at dpsc.dla.mil> reports a rotton egg smell from Wyeast 3068: A sulphur smell is normal with some strains, especially lager ones but I have never encountered it with 3068. The predominant smell with this strain is bannana. Keep your fingers crossed and wait it out. A.J. deLange Numquam in dubio, saepe in errore! ajdel at interramp.com Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 03:43:31 -0400 From: Yeastbud at aol.com Subject: American vs. French Oak for kegs While on a tour of Beringer Winery the tour guide pointed out some of their estate wine fermenting in american oak barrels. I mentioned to him that in all the literature that I've read the common wisdom is that american oak is appropriate for bourbon and not wine or beer. He told me that these barrels were different because the oak was split not cut on a saw. He also stated the an oak tree is an oak tree no matter where it grows. According to our guide a few American coopers are adopting the french method of spliting the wood for the barrel staves and the resulting barrel leaches alot less oak flavor into the liquid due to the unbroken wood grain. Matt Wyss Albany, Ca Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 09:30:37 -0400 (EDT) From: Jeff Renner <nerenner at umich.edu> Subject: Gelatin Kirk R Fleming and Richard Hampo have questions about gelatin. Kirk, the reason your gelatin didn't do anything is that you boiled it. It is a protein, and boiling denatures it. I dissolve a 1/4 oz packet it in a cup of cold water in a larger container, then heat it in the microwave, stirring occasionally to avoid hot spots, until it is clear. If you get it up to ~160^F, it should destroy any spoilage critters. At least, I've never had any trouble. Then I add some beer to the gelatin to thin it, and then siphon this mixture into the beer I have already siphoned into the priming carboy. I generally do this after I've racked about a gallon, and figure the swirling of the remaining beer running in mixes the gelatin. I did this last week with a stout, and the effect was dramatic with the contrast between the stout and the yeast. It settled out in about three hours. Richard, I don't bottle much anymore, but when I did, I used gelatin, and never had a carbonation problem. As a matter of fact, I prided myself on having a coat of yeast on the bottom of the bottle no thicker than a coat of paint. You could pour it without worrying about that last bit clouding the glass of beer. I just made sure that I got one slug of sedimented yeast when I ws siphoning from the secondary to the bottling or priming carboy. That was seldom anything I had to work at - it usually happened anyway. Jeff Renner in Ann Arbor, Michigan c/o nerenner at umich.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 08:05:44 -0500 (CDT) From: John Hartman <jhartman at VNET.IBM.COM> Subject: Re: Using Cuisinart Pat Humphrey writes: Excerpts from mail: 11-Apr-95 Homebrew Digest #1703 (Apri.. Request No Articles at hpfc (46520) > I don't have a grain mill and for the small amount of grain required in a > partial/extract brew, I just use a wood rolling pin (not a good idea > because I have made ALOT of dents in the pin and my wife is getting upset). > Has anyone has tried using a food processer ala. Cuisunart (sp.?) to crack > the grains? I realize that running the machine too long will grind the > grain into flour and I'll end up making bread from them. In the for what it's worth dept I got tired of the rolling pin method too and it was near impossible to use a wooden one for some of the harder grains and buying one made of marble was out of the question. Didn't have a Cuisinart, but we did have a meat grinder which was in good shape and had various plates. After a little experimentation I found the two plates that I felt worked best and have been using it ever since. I figured it can't be any worse than the rolling pin for the little bit of specialty grains I use. I think it works well. A little flour, some grains not touched at all, but it works for me. Meat grinders in good shape are in abundance at flea markets. -jh John Hartman AFS: jhartman+ Dept 43K/006-2 G105 VM: jhartman at rchland (if you must :) Dev/2000 Client/Server Team internet: jhartman at vnet.ibm.com IBM Rochester, MN (507)253-8037 tl. 553-8037 Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 10:04:00 -0400 From: MnMGuy at aol.com Subject: Oops? >I have a bock (actually, I was trying to make a Dobbelbock, but back >to the >story). The recipe was something like: > >3.3# M&F Amber >6# light DME (Not Laaglander - never again!) Oops. I just bought a bunch of extra light DME. What's the deal? Why don't you like it? Comment on finings: I used gelatin the other day and had excellent results. I had an ale sitting for nearly two weeks that refused to clear at all. I dissolved one small packet of knox in warm water and pitched it in the carboy like yeast. I heard you are supposed to add it when kegging. But I don't keg, and adding it to the carboy let me watch anyway. Twelve hours later, I saw significant improvement. Twenty four hours later, it was nearly clear and I bottled. By the way, do not boil gelatin. It destroys it. Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 95 8:23:19 MDT From: "James Giacalone" <JGiacalone at vines.ColoState.EDU> Subject: yeast starters Hello! I just noticed that there is a ring around the neck of my yeast starter bottle. Is this contamination or is this common with Westephan yeast? Have any of you more experienced brewers seen this? Please respond to my private E-mail. TIA J.Giacalone In certain trying circumstances, urgent circumstances, profanity furnishes a relief denied even to prayer. (especially when you brew a bad batch of beer) Mark Twain Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 09:49:16 -0500 From: Russell Mast <rmast at fnbc.com> Subject: Felinfoel MClarke950 : > Whew. I haven't seen Felinfoel here in Seattle for a couple of years. I > think > they were bought out by Thames Brewing. (My reason for saying this is that > Thames started putting out Welsh ale around the time Felinfoel disapppeared > from the shelves. The packaging is also similiar.) There is a bar in St. Louis called Llewellyn's (sp?) which carries Felinfoel double dragon on tap. Each time I had it there it was surprisingly fresh for an import, and truly delightful. Noticing the similar packaging, I bought a bottle of Thames' Welsh Ale last week. I drank it last night, and it had a similar flavor, but I think it had been sitting on a shelf or a boat somewhere for way too long. Either that, or it's just not good beer. Either way, Thames in a bottle is a lot different than Felinfoel on tap. The bottled beer was much sweeter (maybe hops aged away?) and much thicker. Also, the tap beer had a distinct but subtle toasted flavor, whereas the bottle was like being hit with a 50 lb. sack of Biscuit. The first sip was great, but it was just too heavy and cloying to enjoy. It also had a flavor which I attribute to "extract brewing" but I don't know what it's really from. It might be carmelization from oxidizing hot wort. It also could be due to being overly old. If anyone has had a good bottle of this stuff, I'd like to hear about it. Also, it looked like it had live yeasties in it. -Russell Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 09:59:29 -0500 From: Russell Mast <rmast at fnbc.com> Subject: Gelatin > From: Kirk Fleming / Metro Technologies <flemingk at usa.net> > Is proper practice to boil, cool a > little, add gelatin, dissolve, then add to beer? Yep. Boiling denatures the gelatin's proteins. The water should still be hot, else the gelatin is hard to dissolve. I don't know how hot the water has to be to denature the gelatin, I usually let mine cool for about 10 minutes. (Half a beer.) > From: captain at vulcan.srl.ford.com (Richard Hampo) > Does gelatin take out the yeast? Yes and no. There should be enough left in solution to effectively condition. -Russell Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 09:40:24 -0600 From: Michael Mendenhall <BRCMRC.BRMAIN.MMENDENH at EMAIL.STATE.UT.US> Subject: summary: storing starters ** High Priority ** Last week I issued a request for information on how to take the inflexibility out of using yeast starters. The following is a summary of responses: Mark Evans <evanms at lcac1.loras.edu> saves app. 16 oz. of yeast from his primary ferment in a sterile glass jar w/ airlock for 2-4 weeks in the refrigerator, repitches and has active fermentation in 2 hours. He's used yeast stored up to 10 weeks in the fridge (without feeding) and repitched successfully. Domenick Venezia <venezia at zgi.com> cautions against storing yeast in a fridge if there's a chance temps will drop below freezing. He strongly suggests that after coming out of the fridge, the yeast be given a couple of days to "wake up" and warm up before pitching, and as an extra boost, feeding them fresh starter medium. He also suggests protecting the yeast from the fridge's dirty environment by enveloping the container in a new, clean plastic bag. Fleming, Kirk R., Capt <FLEMINGKR at afmcfafb.fafb.af.mil> has stored yeast from the primary for a few days in the fridge, warmed it to pitching temperature, pitched, and has experienced lag times as short as one hour. He recalls reading the yeast shouldn't be stored in the fridge without refeeding for more than two weeks but was unable to cite the source. Peter Schweitzer <pas at aretha.jax.org> has stored capped bottles of completely fermented-out starter in the fridge for up to 2 months, removed from fridge, fed fresh starter medium and the yeast reactivated successfully. A pat on the back to you who responded. Michael Mendenhall Salt Lake City, Utah mmendenh at email.state.ut Return to table of contents
Date: 11 Apr 1995 09:03:38 U From: "Palmer.John" <palmer at ssdgwy.mdc.com> Subject: Mashing Dark Grains >Paul Baker of COVBS asked about when to mash dark roast grains: Paul! You and Mark made Pete's Wicked Ale and didnt tell me?! Uh! (Picture the chickens in the Foster Farms commercial- the Donut Stand) I would have come over! I mash Chocolate Malt, I dont mash Black Patent or Roast. Otoh, I have never used Roast. I think the rationale is the style of beer you are making and what degree of character you want from the malt. When we made the Vienna, the recipe calls for less than a quarter lb to be added at Mashout (or when you start lautering). When I make a Porter I want the the roast flavor, I want more of the roasted character, so I mash it. When you are making a Brown Ale, you want more of the color and a hint of the character so either add it Later or Mash a smaller amount. Very bitter roasts like Black Patent aka charcoal, are almost always better off being added at Mashout in my opinion, because I dont like the charcoal taste that it imparts. Adding late in the Mash mellows that taste a lot. John J. Palmer - Metallurgist for MDA-SSD M&P johnj at primenet.com Huntington Beach, California Palmer House Brewery and Smithy - www.primenet.com/~johnj/ Another member of COVBS; (but Paul missed Sunday's meeting). Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 17:17:00 GMT From: jeff.guillet at lcabin.com (Jeff Guillet) Subject: Gelatin Usage - --- Kirk Fleming wrote: K>Folks report the effectiveness of gelatin finings, but I've used it K>twice now with no effect whatever. I suspect it's because I've K>boiled the water *after* adding the gelatin. Is proper practice to K>boil, cool a little, add gelatin, dissolve, then add to beer? I have found gelatin to be an *extremely* good fining agent. Here's how I use it: Boil up about 1 cup of water and let cool for about 5 minutes. Add 1 teaspoon of Knox unflavored gelatin to the hot water and stir to dissolve thoroughly. Add it to the secondary. I do this 12-24 hours after racking the beer into the secondary. Gelatin clears suspended yeast from the beer beautifully! It will do nothing about protein (which will cause chill haze). For that, I use 1 tablespoon of Irish Moss 15 minutes before the end of the boil. - --- Richard Hampo writes: R>I've got a pretty basic question. I've got a beer that is still R>cloudy (in secondary) and I want to try gelatin or some such stuff to R>clear it up. Question is, if I add the stuff to the secondary and it R>clears up, do I need to add new yeast at priming time before I bottle? I worried about that the first time I used gelatin, but I bottled without adding yeast anyway. Worked great! No carbonation problems at all. -=Jeff=- Internet: jeff.guillet at lcabin.com * CMPQwk 1.42-R2 * Reg #1757 * Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 95 13:36:07 EDT From: cavanaug at gdc.com (Kevin Cavanaugh) Subject: How/when cut hop roots ? I have read the hop faq, but it did not go into much detail about how or when to cut hop roots. This will be the third season for my hop bines. The first year they grew about 5 feet, and last year about 15 feet. I figure it must be about time to trim the roots back, also because friends are asking for the cuttings to grow themselves. When is the best time to cut? My hops are now about 1 inch tall, several shoots growing out of the same base. Do I need to cut the shoots above ground in additions to the roots underground ? How do I cut the roots ? Is there one main root I should avoid or just start cutting anywhere ? How long should each root cut be ? Do the roots ever travel and resurface as new bines if left alone ? Sorry about all the questions but I don't want to miss my opportunity if now is the right time to start hacking. Thanks - Kevin Cavanaugh Return to table of contents
Date: 11 Apr 1995 13:35:57 -0400 From: "Penn, Thomas" <penn#m#_thomas at msgw.vf.mmc.com> Subject: Just Hops Trip Report to Just Hops in Mt. Zion, IL This is probably the latest trip report ever on the HBD, but I promised myself that I'd do it (and I didn't want to let myself down). While scanning the HBD in November and December, noting all the fancy trips being planned by beer lovers to Switzerland, California, London, etc., I contemplated my exciting excursion from New Jersey to Central Illinois. Now Central Illinois is not a brewer's fantasy, but I did remember that Just Hops is in Mt. Zion, IL, just a stone's throw from my home town of Decatur. If I was going to drive 18 hours to get home, I could at least drop by. I called Mark Kellums the day after Christmas to discuss hops, and he invited me over to see his stock and pick some up. After some bad navigation in the barren winter fields, I arrived at the home of Just Hops. Mark's business is run from his home, and he greeted me and showed me his storage facilities and packaging/brewing area. The hops are kept in air-impermeable bags in large freezers. I bought small quantities of four different varieties, and Mark showed me how he vacuum packs and seals the packages. A friend of Mark's was doing an all-grain mash that day, and he invited me to come see him. I had to hit the road back to NJ, but Mark sent me off with a bottle of Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale. Knowing that I had time to brew before returning to the grueling work week, I picked up malt extract and yeast on the long drive home (knowing that the local supply shop was closed for the weekend) On Jan 2, I called Mark and he gave me the recipe for a pale ale that my wife calls my "best ever". I love using whole hops! They are easy to remove with a strainer, they don't clog up those "over-the-bucket" nylon mesh filters, and are generally easier to use than pellet hops. The flavor results have been excellent, too. Most "new" things a brewer adds to the repertoire add steps-but using whole fresh hops actually makes life easier! Just Hops Mark Kellums 335 Main Street Mt. Zion, IL 62549 217-864-4216 No affiliation/Just a satisfied customer Tom Penn Bordentown, NJ Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 14:54:43 -0400 From: Elde at aol.com Subject: Partial Mash Procedures Can I treat regular malts in the same way I do specialty malts for my extract brews? (I.E. simply steep small quantities in slowly heated water) Can I do specialty malts at the same time, or add them after mashing-out the regular malts? Return to table of contents
Date: Tuesday, 11 April 95 15:20:55 CST From: Alan P Van Dyke <llapv at utxdp.dp.utexas.edu> Subject: PBS? Howdy-- In HBD 1702, Jay Hersh sez-- "sory (sic) if this annoys you but in America we are still allowed the freedom to choose who we associate with. Subscription requests acceptance is based on several things. Maintaining a manageable size, maintaining discussion of desired quality and maintaning a Private and commercial free discussion. Think of it as the PBS of homebrewing..." Gee, sounds more like the Junior League than PBS to me. I don't remember PBS ever basing their membership on anything but a pulse. Alan Van Dyke Austin, TX Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 14:35:28 -0500 From: fahrner at milbrandt.wustl.edu (Tim Fahrner) Subject: Double Dragon MClarke950 writes: >> FELINFOEL >> Double Dragon Export Ale >Whew. I haven't seen Felinfoel here in Seattle for a couple of years. I >think >they were bought out by Thames Brewing. (My reason for saying this is that >Thames started putting out Welsh ale around the time Felinfoel disapppeared >from the shelves. The packaging is also similiar.) Before that (3-4 years >ago? >They were forced to rename there beers because of copyrights, I believe. (ie >Double Dragon became Welsh Bitter or Ale), sorry It's been a while. I have >never seen it in cans. You might be able to get the address from Michael >Jackson's Pocket Guide. Good Hunting. Felinfoel made a good product. I think you may be in error about Double Dragon Ale. Hard to believe that St. Louis would have a beer not found in Seattle, but that seems to be the case. Two Welsch pubs reside a few blocks down the street from where I work (yes, it's a terrible thing to bear). Immigrants from Whales started them a decade or two ago, I believe. In any case, these pubs are still serving Double Dragon (or at least as of a couple of weeks ago) on draft. If taste tells true, I believe it is the same article it has always been. If someone else has bought Felinfoel, nothing seems to have changed, including the name. Tim Fahrner St. Louis, MO Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 95 17:51:37 EDT From: marc <MJULIAN at UGA.CC.UGA.EDU> Subject: san fran and monterey help !! I'm going to san francisco next week and I need information about brewpubs in the san fran area.. any reviews and recommendations..?? help again !! I'm moving to monterey in the summer... are there any brewpubs in that area ??? any information can be sent to me directly at: mjulian at uga.cc.uga.edu or can be posted directly to the digest... thanks.. marc w. julian Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 17:23:54 -0500 From: ddavison at earth.execpc.com (Dennis Davison) Subject: 1st Round - Chicago - 2nd Call 2nd Call for Judges and Stewards. April 28th & 29th. Midwest Invitational Brew-Off. Lot's O Beer and Lot's O Fun. Joseph Formanek - Please resend your message from Monday, my mailer fried your mail. - -- Dennis Davison ddavison at earth.execpc.com Milwaukee, WI Judge Director of the 1st Round of The AHA Nationals - Chicago,IL 1995 Organizer - Real Ale Fest - Chicago - October 13,14 1995 Return to table of contents
End of HOMEBREW Digest #1705, 04/13/95