HOMEBREW Digest #2655 Sat 07 March 1998

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		Digest Janitor: janitor@hbd.org
		Many thanks to the Observer & Eccentric Newspapers of 
		Livonia, Michigan for sponsoring the Homebrew Digest.
				URL: http://www.oeonline.com

  RIMS scorching problem (Forrest Duddles)
  boil over preventers (Domenick Venezia)
  Seattle (Jerry Cunningham)
  Weisse Hops, maltstroem ("David R. Burley")
  hydrometer correction program (Zurekbrau)
  RE: brewing tubing and in line oxygenation (LaBorde, Ronald)
  Re: RIMS Achilles heel (LaBorde, Ronald)
  Draught Notice March 98 and BABO 98 results ("Thor")
  Final gravity (Danny Breidenbach)
  Distilled water yeast storage (Forrest Duddles)
  Glatt Gears (Greg Jessen)
  reply to: Beginner's Questions from HBD #2651 (Herbert Bresler)
  Before I do something stupid..... ("John Watts")
  RE: Bottles not Carbonating ("Riedel, Dave")
  Re: Gears for Glatt (Dion Hollenbeck)
  pChem (Al Korzonas)
  diacetyl/water:grain/trub/beginner questions (Al Korzonas)
  Re: Color (John Landreman)
  help ID'ing Dutch beer (LBarrowman)
  High Temp Tubing (Jason Henning)
  pH paper (Jeremy Bergsman)
  pH measurements / Expanding foam ("Ingermann, Chris")
  crisper/cleaner filtered taste? (Ian Smith)
  Scott Sutherland--propane indoors (Vachom)
  RE:  Power ("Brian M. LeCuyer, P.E.")
  In-line aerators ("James Hodge")

Be sure to enter the 7th NYC Spring Regional Competition 3/22/98. Surf to www.wp.com/hosi/companno.html for more information...
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Date: Wed, 04 Mar 1998 10:43:26 -0500 From: Forrest Duddles <fridge at Imbecile.kzoo.edu> Subject: RIMS scorching problem Greetings folks, In response to the scorching problem Robert Zukosky reports having with his RIMS - I built and use a half-barrel RIMS similar to Keith Royster's < http://www.ays.net/RIMS/ >. My system uses the same 2E767 heating element Dion mentioned in his reply. I have brewed 8 batches in this system and have not had *any* trouble with scorching. I currently use an unsophisticated mechanical temperature controller on the heating element and a ball valve on the pump discharge to throttle the flow. I am careful not to run the heater until I have good flow established (an electrical interlock that prevents heater operation until the pump is running is a good idea). Robert's 1 gpm sounds kind of low to me. I normally run my system at 2-3 gpm. There is another factor to consider, however, beyond the flow rate. I designed my heating chamber to minimize the chance of trapping an air bubble and to maximize velocity across the element. My chamber mounts vertically, with the liquid entering from the bottom. I used copper pipe for the chamber, which the element will *just* slip into. Lastly, the liquid outlet is as close to the top as possible to prevent a dead-flow pocket. If the heating chamber is too large in diameter, or a dead-flow pocket occurs, scorching could easily occur, even though a low watt-density heating element is used, and a good flow rate is established. Hope this helps! - --------------------------------------------------------------- Forrest Duddles - FridgeGuy in Kalamazoo fridge at Imbecile.kzoo.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 07:48:32 -0800 (PST) From: Domenick Venezia <demonick at zgi.com> Subject: boil over preventers From: Kirk Lund <klund at technologist.com> >>There is a small, specially-shaped pyrex plate which keeps the wort from >>boiling over. At first I had my doubts, but it actually works! > ... >The reason it works has something to do with its very unique shape. If >any one out there figures out the physics behind it, I'd love to hear >about it. These are just fancy boiling stones. You may remember using small rocks, generally quartz, in your chemistry classes to prevent boil over in test tubes and small beakers. Boil over is caused by local super heating of the solution. That is, the temperature of the solution rises above the boiling point without bubbling, then without warning it flash bubbles and gushes. During boiling, bubbles carry off excess heat and maintain the boiling temperature. However, bubbles require a nucleation site, some small pertubation in the heat gradient to serve as a focal point for the liquid to turn to vapor. The rough surface of the boiling stone, or the scraping of the glass boiling disk on the bottom of the pot supply these nucleation sites. Did you ever notice that boil over tends to occur early in the boil, before it really gets rolling? Once the bubbling starts the bubbles tend to serve as nucleation sites for other bubbles. These "boil-over preventers" do not have any magic shape, though they may have dimples to supply many points of contact with the pot bottom. Five or six used bottle caps tossed into the kettle will work as well. Domenick Venezia demonick at zgi.antispam.com (remove .antispam) Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 04 Mar 1998 11:02:48 -0500 From: Jerry Cunningham <gcunning at census.gov> Subject: Seattle I need brewpub suggestions for Seattle! I'm staying at the Best Western International, Pioneer Square, 77 Yesler Way. (I already checked PubCrawler). Thank you very very much! - Jerry (gcunning at census.gov) Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 11:18:51 -0500 From: "David R. Burley" <Dave_Burley at compuserve.com> Subject: Weisse Hops, maltstroem Brewsters: Spencer Thomas alerted me to the fact that I shouldn't have corrected for efficiency in the Weisse hop level as Eric Warner had already done that. The correct level should be 0.25 oz hops of 5% AA. - ---------------------------- SteveA says: >This may start an HBD firestorm, but IMO 6-row belongs in the gut of a quadruped >or brewed with equal parts of rice and sold to the ignorant masses. Use of >6-row appears to be a price compromise. Actually, I have made lots of good beer of all types with 6-row when European 2-row wasn't available and I have yet to understand where this prejudice comes from. I know it is an oft repeated mantra here, just don't know the source of it. I suspect the 6-row/2-row controversy comes from the higher protein level ( actually due to the lower carbohydrate level of 33% of the kernels) in 6-row that has not been screened to separate out the smaller kernels in the 6-row. It is the practice in 6-row malting to screen the barley and to feed the lower % carbohydrate grain to animals and keep the plumper fatter grains for malting. This has the effect of lowering the nitrogen percentage by selecting those kernels from the plumper rows which contain higher carbohydrate. This also lowers the husk ratio. I know the nitrogen level is a problem with the British malts in which no protein rest is used, but is not a problem with German or American brewers. I suspect the Brits are the source of this malignment dating back to when they just began using inorganic fertilizers got cloudy beer as a result and couldn't use the less expensive US and Canadian malts for the same reason. I suspect a marketing ploy here to keep the barley in British Beers British. The fact that there is a website on British Barley clearly establishes the marketing going on here. - --------------------------------------------- Keep on brewin' Dave Burley Kinnelon, NJ 07405 103164.3202 at compuserve.com Dave_Burley at compuserve.com Voice e-mail OK Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 11:34:09 EST From: Zurekbrau <Zurekbrau at aol.com> Subject: hydrometer correction program I posted a little hydrometer correction program to the Texas Instruments TI-85 program archive. The program is written for the TI-85 graphing calculator. The URL is... http://www.ticalc.org/pub/85/science/hydrcor.zip It is for correcting to 60 degrees Fahrenheit hydrometers. Is there a good source for brewing formulas? Rich Zurek Zurekbrau at aol.com Carpentersville IL USA Northwest of Chicago Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 10:51:55 -0600 From: rlabor at lsumc.edu (LaBorde, Ronald) Subject: RE: brewing tubing and in line oxygenation >Date: Sat, 28 Feb 98 12:32:53 -0800 >From: Frank Kalcic <fkalcic at flash.net> >Would I be better off with a simple >small diameter tube that can be easily cleaned/sanitized, and >just bubble the O2 very slowly? Has anyone seen data on O2 >uptake when no diffuser is used? I am using my plastic racking cane with end cap attached, Just sanitize it and the 3/8 tubing, connect to an air filter and small aquarium pump. I tried the stone and did not like the possibility of it harboring bacteria. I boiled it and the darn thing crumbled away in my precious fermenter. The few times I used it, so much foam was created that I had to start and stop it continuously. With the new method, I get a nice 1 or 2 inch foam head and I let it go for 4 hours continuously. I have no way to measure O2 uptake, but all seems well. Ron Ronald La Borde - Metairie, Louisiana - rlabor at lsumc.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 11:09:50 -0600 From: rlabor at lsumc.edu (LaBorde, Ronald) Subject: Re: RIMS Achilles heel >Date: Sun, 1 Mar 98 13:08:37 PST >From: hollen at vigra.com >RZ> I am leaning towards a heated water heat exchanger for reasons of >RZ> the above. >I would be the last one to dissuade you from this, but would caution >that I feel it is totally unnecessary to solve the charring problem. >And you will be creating a much more challenging set of problems due >to greatly increased thermal lag. Temperature control will be a bitch >unless you have some way of very quickly changing the temperature or >flow rate of the heated water reservoir. Much more complicated >process control. I must chime in here, Dion. I have just such an exchanger system and I must say to my pleasure it is easy to control the temperature, and manually at that. What I observe is a sort of smooth temperature step, with easy control. It may be peculiar to my rig, but I do not think so. I just installed dial thermometers into the HLT and MT (ha, a new abbreviation), and that sure made it easier. Got tired of poached fingers with the hand thermometer. My exchanger is 25 foot of 5/8 OD copper tubing just thrown into the HLT and connected to the pump and outlet with Tygon tubing. I can not scorch the wort because the largest temperature difference is only 5 to 10 degrees above desired step temperature. As I approach the target, I reduce heat to the HLT, and watch as the temperatures equalize. What I also like is the fact that with almost no flow, scorching still cannot occur. What the difference is between the two methods is this: A) High spot temperature with large flow and small surface contact. B) Low spot temperature with slow flow and large surface contact. Ron Ronald La Borde - Metairie, Louisiana - rlabor at lsumc.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 10:00:51 +0000 From: "Thor" <thor at valhallabrewing.com> Subject: Draught Notice March 98 and BABO 98 results The latest edition of the Draught Notice is available. The Draught Notice is the monthly newsletter of the Draught Board, and AHA recognized homebrew club in San Leandro, CA. This is our third all web edition of our newsletter for homebrewing ethusiasts. The newsletter is available at: http://www.valhallabrewing.com/dboard/dbnewsl/t9803a.htm Here are some of the highlights this month: Portland Brew Crawl This is the largest of the articles. I felt it my duty to travel and do some investigative drinking, I mean reporting, of some of my favorite places in Portland. I only had two days mind you so its not in anyway complete. Be aware that the opinions are my own and if you dont agree that's fine by me. Tornado's Barley Wine Fest This is a great annual event worth marking on your calendar. Bryan Gros writes a review of the event and talks about some of the better beers there. The winning barleywine I coincidentally reviewed up in Portland in the above listed article. Celebrator's 10th Anniv Party This article is currently being written. The party was a lot of fun and I picked up some great photos. The slide show is all that's there until the article gets posted. Homebrewing Volume 1 A quick review of Al Korzonas new publication taken from the HBD with permission of Sam Mize. The Table of contents and highlights come from Al's web page. It looks like a fine book to add to your homebrewing shelf. Brew Quiz The ever popular brew quiz is back. This time the subject is people in brewing. The quiz is not as difficult as Jan 98's so put on your thinking caps and match your wits against your brewing peers. I'm still looking for ideas for next months so if you have any ideas... In addition, the results of our annual National Bay Area Brew Off are available online at: http://www.valhallabrewing.com/dboard/baboresults98.htm Thanks for the bandwidth. As always, the views expressed are not necessarily those of the members of the club. We recieve no commercial gain from the reviews, we just putting the information out there for your enjoyment. - ----------------------------------------------------------- Thor's Stainless brewery at http://www.valhallabrewing.com/ AHA club The Draught Board Homebrew Club at http://www.valhallabrewing.com/dboard/index.htm ICQ pager: http://wwp.mirabilis.com/7124517 Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 04 Mar 1998 13:20:44 -0500 From: Danny Breidenbach <DBreidenbach at nctm.org> Subject: Final gravity I tend to not use my hydrometer much, but I decided to take measurements on my latest brew. At bottling time, however, I didn't set aside enough beer to check the gravity. There's no reason I can't use the bottled beer for this is there? I realize I'll want it to go flat before measuring -- but given that, won't I have a more accurate measurement than before bottle conditioning? Thanks, - --Danny Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 04 Mar 1998 13:27:57 -0500 From: Forrest Duddles <fridge at Imbecile.kzoo.edu> Subject: Distilled water yeast storage Grettings folks, Several days ago, distilled water yeast storage was discussed per an article last year in BT magazine. I mentioned that I had tried the technique last October and would report results of an upcoming attempt to resurrect my dormant yeast. I streaked a plate from my first vial last friday afternoon. I had nice fluffy colonies on the plate by the following monday morning. I made a 5ml starter that afternoon and stepped it up to 50ml the following day. I should be ready to step to 500ml this afternoon. The starter looks and smells great! It looks like I have a winner. I'm anxious to see how well other strains take to this method of storage and intend to add to my library each time I try a different strain. Hope this helps! - --------------------------------------------------------------- Forrest Duddles - FridgeGuy in Kalamazoo fridge at Imbecile.kzoo.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 11:35:52 -0600 From: greg at mcn.net (Greg Jessen) Subject: Glatt Gears Here is the name etc. of a Machinist that I was told makes aluminum replacement gears. Nick Aletras <naletras at epix.net> D J Mfg PO Box 676 Tunkhannock PA 18657 717-836-2229 Fax 717-836-5089 I have never talked to the guy and it's old info but it's a starting point. Good luck and please post your results. Greg Jessen Billings Montana greg at mcn.net Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 14:21:52 -0500 From: Herbert Bresler <bresler.7 at osu.edu> Subject: reply to: Beginner's Questions from HBD #2651 Reply to: From: OICPO MORRIS <jamorris at washington.navy.mil> Subject: Beginner's Questions Homebrew Digest #2651 (March 03, 1998) Ron, You asked a lot of questions in your recent posting to Home Brew Digest. The best way to get most of the answers is to read some books on homebrewing. I know you're probably on a ship somewhere in the middle of nowhere, and can't exactly go out and buy a book on homebrewing, but you really ought to get one. Most of your questions will be answered. Maybe you can get one by mail order and have it sent to your APO address. Anyway, in the meantime, maybe we at HBD could help you out. A good place to go to get info on brewing is the world wide web. I don't know if you have access or not, but here are few URLs to visit for info: http://www.magma.ca/~bodnsatz/brew/tips/ http://brewery.org/Library.html and this site has links to lots of good info: http://www.breworld.com/homebrew/doculink.html You can also just go to one of the search services and search for "Homebrewing" and get started. You may have to sort through some advertising mixed with the instructions, but there's plenty of good (and some bad) information out there. Once you get started you can navigate around the web reading homebrew stuff endlessly. Happy hunting. As for the immediate problems: 1) too little alcohol in your beer, and 2) why use hops (if you can buy hopped malt extract) and why add grains to extract: 1) Alcohol. If you increase the original gravity, you'll get stronger beer. You can increase O.G. by starting with more fermentable sugars in your wort. An O.G. = 1.030 (typical with one 4 lb. can per 5 gallons, as in many beginner's kits) will yield about 3.2% alcohol by volume, about 2.5% alcohol by weight. Double the amount of extract, and you double the alcohol (roughly). Use two 4 lb. cans of extract and get an O.G. about 1.060. Adding dry with liquid is just another way of adding more fermentables. 2) Hops. Yes, you can used hopped extracts, but you can't control the hops in your beer that way. Hopped extracts only provide hop bitterness, and do not allow you to add hop flavor or aroma in your brew. Using unhopped malt extracts and boiling your own hops can improve your beers tremendously. It will allow you to select hops you like and control the hop bitterness, flavor and aroma of your beers. To get an idea of what you might accomplish by adding your own hops, try the following: Make a beer you like with hopped extract, and then make it again (with the same hopped extract) but with an addition or two of fresh hops (an ounce or so of whole or plug for 5 gal) near the end of the boil. Then compare the two. Then make it again with unhopped extract and boil all your own hops. Before you know it, you'll be wanting to add all your own hops. The short answer regarding addition of grains to extract is almost the same as for hops -- control over your finshed product. You choose the flavors you add to control the brew you end up with. Addition of specialty grains can make a big difference to improve extract brews. Read, practice and experiment. If you're like the rest of us, in no time at all you'll be wasting your life homebrewing.....and loving every minute of it. Best of luck to you, Herb bresler.7 at osu.edu Columbus, Ohio Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 07:23:18 -0600 From: "John Watts" <watts at top.net> Subject: Before I do something stupid..... I was struck by a thought the other day and wanted to see who (if anyone) may have already tried this and what happened. For a mash tun, I use a converted bottling bucket w/homemade easymasher. I was thinking that, after the dough in, put the entire tun in my 33 qt brewpot, fill it with water, and put it on the propane burner. Then, as long as I've got the tun sitting on something other than the bottom of the pot, I would be able to adjust the mash temp as needed. Thoughts???? Rgds John Watts Utell International Commercial Database Department Omaha Nebraska Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 11:37:05 -0800 From: "Riedel, Dave" <RiedelD at dfo-mpo.gc.ca> Subject: RE: Bottles not Carbonating Steve LaMotte suffers from uncarbonated amber ale... >I've done one batch with the new one, and the bottles are not >carbonating. It's been three weeks now, and all I get is an initial >slight fizz when I pop one. Pour it and it is FLAT! It is a great >tasting amber ale and I do NOT want to pour it away. Yes, I did put >the usual malt in for priming. I had two others and me, very much This topic is certainly a common one in the HBD. As usual, I suspect the solution is WAIT ANOTHER TWO WEEKS. You haven't given much background information regarding recipe, amount of priming used or amount of time and temperature of bottle ferment, but I think three weeks may be a little soon to be checking. Personal experience has shown me that full carbonation usually takes me longer than 3 weeks, particularly with the old stubby bottles which have less headspace due to their geometry. I like to wait 4 weeks after the ferment period (usually 1 week at room temp). Remember, this is only one batch. It's hard to conclude that the capper didn't work based on one datapoint. You even said that your cap tightening didn't seem to do anything and if there is a 'slight fizz' the cap is holding something in. Sometimes carbonation is slow. I'd wait a while before putting yourself through all the work of adding more primer and re-capping. Capping the next batch half with each capper is a sound idea. Make sure that the bottle-type/head-space is consistent to allow proper comparison. cheers, Dave Riedel Victoria, BC, Canada Return to table of contents
Date: 04 Mar 1998 11:51:19 -0800 From: Dion Hollenbeck <hollen at vigra.com> Subject: Re: Gears for Glatt >> Jack Schmidling writes: JS> The good news is that someone lurking on the net has made and JS> offered a set of replacement gears. I have no idea what he JS> charges or who he is but if you keep asking, he is bound to turn JS> up again. I can't disagree with Jack about being left in the lurch by Greg Glatt, but DO NOT BUY REPLACEMENT GEARS FOR THE GLATT IF THEY ARE ALUMINUM!!!!! I cannot stress this enough. First, the aluminum gears will not allow adjustment, they have very many small, shallow teeth. The original gears are sunflower shaped and have few very deep teeth. They are designed to mesh at very different depths. Second, the use of the aluminum gears on my motorized Glatt Mill caused it to be close to destroyed. I will not type in the whole story, but it did happen to me. I am not knocking the manufacturer of the aluminum gears, they were beautifully made, but they are unsuitable for use with the mill. Lastly, OEM replacement gears are available for the Glatt. Greg has made sure these are available for people even though he has gone out of business. They can be obtained from: Glatt Gears Jim's Homebrew Supply N 2619 Division Spokane, WA 99207 (509)328-4850 (800)326-7769 dion - -- Dion Hollenbeck (619)597-7080x164 Email: hollen at vigra.com http://www.vigra.com/~hollen Sr. Software Engineer - Vigra Div. of Visicom Labs San Diego, California Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 14:24:05 -0600 (CST) From: Al Korzonas <korz at xnet.com> Subject: pChem Dave writes: >Well, I have a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry, if that's any help. It does help explain why so many people argue with you ;^)! When I was going to the University of Illinois, a bunch of us were hanging out (and playing way too much pinochle and euchre) in the cafeteria. One woman in our group was studying for a masters in pChem. Rumour around campus was that pChem at UofI was the most difficult course of study. Anyway, this woman had a very different way of thinking than the rest of us. One day we were discussing the important subject of the flexibility of phonograph records and she said "the vinyl records these days are so flexible, you couldn't hold one edge and support a 2 kilogram mass on the opposite edge." Now, how many of you (in the US) would have said "kilogram" and how many of you in (the English speaking world!) would have (correctly) said "mass?!" Dave and I get along much better ever since I've realized we think differently ;^). Now, let's get back to brewing, eh? Al. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 16:43:06 -0600 (CST) From: Al Korzonas <korz at xnet.com> Subject: diacetyl/water:grain/trub/beginner questions I want to apologise for the age of many of these questions, but I got about 30 HBD's behind and wanted to get caught up before answering them. In a great post on the difference between oxidation and oxygenation, Sam writes: * After the yeast have been working, the wort contains alcohols. These oxidize rapidly, creating diacetyl. (Also, perhaps the yeast don't use oxygen as fast once they have a full colony going.) So, once the wort is fermenting, we USUALLY avoid aeration. Some brewers, like Samuel Smith's, do aerate fermenting wort, and the buttery flavor is part of their beer's flavor profile. Actually, oxidation of alcohols results in aldehydes. It is the oxidation of alpha-acetolactate (according to George De Piro) that results in diacetyl production. You'll note that in all my posts about Samuel Smith's and diacetyl, I have always written that oxygen during fermentation was *part* of the reason Sam Smith's is high in diacetyl. The other "part" of the formula is that their yeast is extremely flocculent and drops out of the beer before it fully reabsorbs all that diactyl that the aeration produced. So, there are two parts to the diacetyl getting into the finished beer. *** Robert writes: >Question 1: What would be a good water to grain ratio? 1 quart per pound (sorry non-US readers) is getting close to the "stiff" end of the range and I wouldn't go much above 2 quarts per pound. I typically shoot for 1.3 quarts per pound on single-step infusion mashes and I dough-in with about 0.8 or 1 quart per pound. >Question 2: Why not go with 8.5 gal ( 2 gal for grain retention) for a >recirculating no sparge mash? 1) pH and 2) enzyme dilution. While it's okay for the pH to rise a bit during the sparge, too high a pH during the mash will shorten the life of the enzymes and reduce the rate at which they work. Also, when there is too much mash water, the enzymes are too dilute and, as a result, they also work less efficiently. *** Olin writes: >The question about yeast breaking down in the fermenter got me thinking >about an old question I have about trub decomposition. I have searched >high and low for good data on trub break down and I can't find it. >Exactly what is taking place and over what time period. I think this is >so key in regards to whether or not a secondary fermenter is necessary >when fermenting an ale. Some sources will say the secondary method is >better because trub breaks down but there is never any specifics. I >want to find out if there is any decomposition over a two week >period(past the flavor threshold.) It is my feeling and experience that >there is none over this relatively short time period. This is purely >based on taste tests. First, let's agree on terminology. If you mean just break, that's one issue, whereas if you mean both break and yeast, then that's another. Let's assume you mean both break (hot and cold) and yeast. I don't think that the break "breaks-down" appreciably on its own, but yeast will comsume some of the compounds in the break and this has shown to result in increased levels of higher alcohols in the beer. Yeast have been known to autolyse after some time, but I feel that healthy yeast that got enough oxygen early on are rather unlikely to autolyse (although excess zinc will increase the likelyhood and some strains are more prone to it than others). High temperatures also increase the chances, but I feel the temperatures given in most brewing literature (something like "above 70F") are too pessimistic. I have some specific examples as to cases that *weren't* a problem: 1. 1.100 OG Barleywine, kept 9 months in the primary between 62 and 70 F fermented with Wyeast #1056 and aerated well before pitching. 2. 1.124 OG Barleywine, same time and conditions, fermented with Wyeast #1028. Note that these are very flavorful beers and small off-flavours and increased higher alcohol levels would not be noticeable. *** Richard writes: > One of the reasons I got out of >homebrewing back in the mid eighties, and one of the reasons I hate >most micro brews, is that sort of sickly sweet ummmmm, well just icky >aftertaste. I had somehow come to the opinion that this was from >using corn sugar to prime, <snip> >so when I got back into brewing a few months ago, I >demanded malt for priming instead of corn sugar. No problems, no >icky aftertaste, <snip> >A few batches ago, my supplier slipped >in corn sugar vice my usual malt, and I figured what the hey, I'll >try it. That batch is a little sweeter than I expected, not >so bad, but... opinions? Corn sugar is 100% ferementable, where as extract *will* leave some residual sweetness. There must have been other factors involved (yeast health, fermentation temp, OG, aeration) that resulted in a difference in sweetness, not the priming sugar/malt. One thing that I feel is overlooked, is that (to my taste) adding too much Golding flavor hops (more than 1 ounce per 5 gallons) will result in a beer with a "sugary" lingering sweetness. Could that be it? > 2. <snip> >supplier (yes, I'm still at that stage) almost all say steep grains >for 30 minutes at 155 F. I am beginning to understand the >relationship between temp and starch conversion and enzyme >production, BUT. With my setup it is very nearly impossible to >maintain exactly 155 F. If I look away for even a moment, it jumps >as high as 175 F. From lurking on the list for quite some time, I >get the impression this might actually be a good thing. How better >to control temps, and what temps to use? For steeping malts that don't contain starch, anything between 150 and 170F is fine. If you are indeed mashing, you don't want to exceed 165F or so because this will denature the enzymes and leave you with starchy beer that never clears and doesn't taste very good. > 3. I use two burners on my gas stove to heat/boil my wort. I get >some 'burning' (carmelization?) on the bottom of the pot, very >little, but its there. Is this a bad thing? If you (and competition judges, if you care) don't notice, then don't worry about it. > 4. After steeping the grains for 30 min, Most of the recipes I like >say add extracts etc and boil for 1 hr. Does time used to increase >temp from 155 to boiling count? Are we talking a full rolling boil, >gentle boil, what? Start timing when it just begins to boil (I presume you are removing the grains before boosting, right?). No, the time from 155F to boil doesn't count. I also recommend that you boil 10 minutes before adding the hops. >6.<snip> >Can anyone provide me with some references re >growing barley, different varieties, and the mashing process? I >understand the basics, but want much more info. A rather primitive, but practical, description of the *malting* process (I'm sure that's what you meant) is described in a book whose name escapes me at the moment, written by Clive La Pense. It has a white cover and a rather long title. It used to be sold by the AHA and still may be. He has two more recent books out which I don't believe cover malting. Jack Schmidling shows you how to malt in his video, but there are a number of procedures in the general brewing portion of the video with which I disagree. Al. Al Korzonas, Palos Hills, IL korz at xnet.com http://www.brewinfo.com/brewinfo/ Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 16:02:34 -0700 From: jlandrem at atmel.com (John Landreman) Subject: Re: Color Michael Satterwhite <satterwh at weblore.com> asked > There have recently been some very good postings on the digest concerning > color - especially the comparisons between MCU and SRM. All of this has > focused on grain, however. > > What methods do you suggest for calculating color contribution from > extracts? What are the pitfalls to this. Ray Danials, in his three part series in Brewing Techniques (Vol.3, No 4-6), stated the following. Hopefully it will help. John The following shows the results of a study I conducted on a variety of commercially available malt extracts. The determinations are based on a single sample of each product and are not intended to reflect the colors normally observed with these products; rather, they are intended to show the variability of color in extracts of similar designations ( light, for example). All materials were obtained from a high-volume retail source, and all extracts were tested using the same parameters for initial gravity, water treatment, boil length, yeast pitched and other parameters. Color SRM Extract Type Pale golden 3-4 Mash of two-row European malt Pale golden 3-4 Munton & Fison spray-dry malt extract (light) Golden 5-6 Alexander=92s pale extract syrup Light amber 6-7 Munton & Fison light syrup (unhopped) Light amber 6-7 Laaglander dried malt extract Amber 8-9 John Bull unhopped light syrup Amber 8-9 Coopers unhopped light syrup Amber 8-9 Northwestern Gold malt extract syrup Amber 8-9 Northwestern Dry Gold malt extract Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Mar 1998 21:43:41 EST From: LBarrowman <LBarrowman at aol.com> Subject: help ID'ing Dutch beer My husband brought me a Dutch beer from the Netherlands that has me stumped. It doesn't have a label but is wrapped in tissue paper printed as follows: Met de beste wesen van Brouwerij't IJ Amsterdam extra speciaal ijndejaarsbier voorzichtig doch vastberaden uitschenken inh.33 cl. cat.s alc.9 vol.% bier van hoge gisting ad usum internum minstens houdbaar tot enid '98 met nagisting op fles If anyone has a clue as to what I can expect from this beer I would appreciate whatever you can share. Also, I am planning to share it (and some other 'identifiable' yummie beers) with some friends this Saturday. I hope it is ready.... Thank you, Laura Charlotte NC Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 05 Mar 1998 07:56:43 GMT From: huskers at olywa.net (Jason Henning) Subject: High Temp Tubing These folks have a nice catalog for the brewer. Lots of lab equipment, scales, microscopes, just about everything for culturing. They've got a $25 minimum order. Your wish list will 100 times that! Cynmar Corp 800-223-3517 cynmar at cynmar.com 3/8" id 9/16" od $6/10' $28/50 * Clear, food grade tubing * Tensile strength 2,000 psi * Non-toxic, chemically inert * Elongation 400% * Temperature resistance: -40 to 212F * Smooth, flexible, good aging characteristics * Conforms to FDA, UDSA and 3-A Milk Standards Cheers, Jason Henning Lacey, Washington Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 05 Mar 1998 01:53:00 -0800 From: Jeremy Bergsman <jeremybb at stanford.edu> Subject: pH paper I repeatedly see the suggestion here to buy the type of pH paper that has several spots of different pH paper on a plastic strip. There is nothing inherently better about this type--the pH sensing mechanism is the same as "normal" pH paper and as a rule you are usually buying pH papers in a range you don't need to get one in the right range, and in an expensive package to boot. We have this type of pH paper in my lab and they suck! I forget the brand, but they DO NOT agree with our pH meter. Several years back I ordered one of every brand of pH paper in one of our supply catalogs (Fisher or VWR I believe) that covered the brewing range. I found pHydrion brand to be the best in terms of accuracy. Other benefits of this brand are that it is available in a very wide assortment of ranges and that it is very cheap. I use two for brewing: one reads from 3.0 - 5.5 (I have very acidic water), and the other reads from 4.8 - 6.7. Both of these are readable to +/- .1 IMO if your solution is not too colored. They are also accurate within the measurement error when reading a solution of pH 5.30 100mM succinate buffer. I have also ordered the paper that ranges from 4.5 - 7.5 which would seem quite useful, but the color produced by pH 5.3 is a tannish orange that shows a lot of interference with beer color (the others are greenish in the critical range). I just replaced my supply and I got 5 rolls (one roll lasts me about 5 years) for ~$5. I don't know the logistics of trying to buy from these types of catalogs for private individuals, but your homebrew store can get them for sure. Reading the label, they are made by Micro Essential Laboratory, Brooklyn NY 11210, so maybe you could go direct. The standard disclaimer applies, I'm just a very satisfied customer. - -- Jeremy Bergsman jeremybb at leland.stanford.edu http://www-leland.stanford.edu/~jeremybb Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 5 Mar 1998 09:42:58 -0500 From: "Ingermann, Chris" <CINGERMANN at winone.CIC.Lucent.com> Subject: pH measurements / Expanding foam Hello Everybody, Dave Burley writes: > Mark D. Lowe is using those brown pH papers... > These papers are the most worthless thing I have ever seen distributed by > the HB system and everyone should take them back to their local HB store and > demand their money back. > Mark, locate another source for some pH papers which have two or three > colored bands on them that read in the correct range or buy a simple pH > meter. I have used the brown pH papers and they SUCK! I have been looking into getting a better way to measure the pH and can't decide what to get. I have seen the 3 color band papers somewhere for $15 per 100 and have looked at several pH meters. For example St. Pats in Texas has $42, $65, and a $175 pH meters. What I am wondering is how good are the least expensive meters? Are the simple meters good enough for taking a few measurements per brew session? Are they accurate and will they last or is it better to pay for the more expensive ones? Or is it better to just get the 2 or 3 colored papers? Suggestions. What is everyone using? I also have a question about the expanding foam. I brew using 2 - 10 gallon Rubbermaid (Gott) coolers and was wondering about insulating the lids. I'm sure I have read somewhere about someone using the expanding foam to insulate the lids but with the talk the past couple of days I'm not so sure about it anymore. Has anyone used it for this purpose and does it work ok or does anyone have a better alternative? Any help is greatly appreciated!! Chris Ingermann Yorktown, IN Damn brewings fun!!! Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 5 Mar 1998 08:12:54 -0700 (MST) From: Ian Smith <rela!isrs at netcom.com> Subject: crisper/cleaner filtered taste? I have been brewing all grain IPA's now for a few years, tyying to imitate some commercial styles such as Avery and Oasis (here in Boulder, CO). I talked to the owner of Avery Brewing Company and he told me that his beers tasted "cleaner" and "crisper" after filtering. Is there any truth to this? I have been trying to get that "commercial beer taste" now for sometime - could filtering be the key and if so what size filter should I use (2 micron?)? Also does anyone have a reccomendation on where I can find such a beast? It would be nice if it was easy to sanitize and/or clean - the poly wound filters seem like the perfect place for bacteria to live. Cheers Ian Smith isrs at rela.uucp.netcom.com isrs at cmed.com Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 5 Mar 1998 10:17:07 -0600 From: Vachom <MVachow at newman.k12.la.us> Subject: Scott Sutherland--propane indoors Perhaps no recent HBD string longer than the scintillating catalogue of homebrewing related materials injurious to man's best friend or the various diagnoses for reforming pickle buckets is the question of propane use indoors. If you review the last three weeks or so of HBD's you'll find comments on the subject by heating contractors, daredevils and the ubiquitous "my cousin had a friend who knew a guy. . ." You're welcome to do your own research on the subject, but in my mind, the upshot of the matter is that using an unvented propane burner indoors is dangerous. Or, as I believe the heating contractor said it, (and I'm paraphrasing here) I don't think I'll jeopardize the safety of my wife, my kids, myself to brew a batch of beer more comfortably. You will also find some comments from indoor propane users who go about it wisely by installing ventillation hoods and CO monitors. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 5 Mar 1998 11:25:14 -0600 From: "Brian M. LeCuyer, P.E." <bmlecuy at megavision.com> Subject: RE: Power Ron LaBorde wrote: >Good point technically. However, we are talking about resistive >power with heater elements. Reactive power is another story not >really pertinent to our present moment. I would suspect that the wire-wound heating elements we are talking about have a significant inductive reactance. However, the point is moot to the original post since the *impedence* (resistive and reactive) is not a variable since the frequency of the applied voltage does not change. Therefore, the simplified ohms law approach to gauging the relative change in power can be used. > It would seem like adding > unnecessary confusion to an already not so intuitive subject. This is an implicit HBD directive (e.g. water chemistry and sparge mechanics threads). : ) We EE's must at least attempt to demonstrate our level of geekness is equal to our chem. compatriots. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 5 Mar 1998 11:25:07 -0600 From: "James Hodge" <jdhodge at worldnet.att.net> Subject: In-line aerators Frank Kalcic asked about in-line aerators: "The next item on my list is an inline oxygenator. (Between the wort pump and fermentor) I see two paths that I can take. The first is to incorporate a SS diffusing stone to assist in the O2 uptake. The second route would be to bubble the O2 through a small tube (no diffuser)" I have exactly this set-up at the backend of my counterflow wort-chiller. It's basically a tee with a fitting on the branch connector to introduce the air or O2. I started using a straight tube to introduce sterilized air, but eventually went to a diffusing stone which seems to give me better aeration due to the finer bubbles produced. My procedure for cleaning this system is as follows: After I have run all of my wort through the chiller, I pump clean, close-to-boiling water through the chiller and the aerator tee until the liquid coming out the backend of the chiller reads around 180 F. I use 'close to boiling' water as boiling water causes cavitation in my pump. When everything has cooled down, I remove the aeration stone, rinse it once more, and set it aside to dry. In addition, just prior to using the system again, I'll go through the same procedure of pumping hot water through the chiller/aerator to knock down any bugs that might have found a home there since I last used it. This may seem a little involved but, once you are set up to do it, the whole process is reasonably quick and simple and, given all of the nooks and crannies in the diffusing stone, is far more effective than depending upon a sanitizing solution. Jim Hodge Return to table of contents
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