HOMEBREW Digest #3228 Fri 21 January 2000

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		Digest Janitor: janitor@hbd.org
		Many thanks to the Observer & Eccentric Newspapers of 
		Livonia, Michigan for sponsoring the Homebrew Digest.
				URL: http://www.oeonline.com

  A few things... (David A Bradley)
  Wyeast 1338 doppelbock (Randy Ricchi)
  Re:Keeping a Phalse Bottom down (Danny Johnson)
  Advice for new brewer ("Chris McGee")
  First Experience ("Randy Hall")
  Re: Zapap Bum Rap? (MaltHound)
  Ball and Pin Lock Interchange ("Eric R. Theiner")
  hopping schedules?? (J Daoust)
  sparging (Bryan Gros)
  Old Beer Cans ("Steven J. Owens")
  MCAB II ("Dan Senne")
  Sparging: Burst vs. Batch ("Steven J. Owens")
  Mouthfeel, mashing, etc. ("Steven J. Owens")
  Corona mill (erniebaker)
  Munich malt ("George de Piro")
  Will the real Phil Yates... (" Karl D. Loeffler")
  Iodophor and Guiness ("Sean Richens")
  Brewing Texts Online (WayneM38)
  Re: Keg Fittings ("Scott A. Vliek")
  hot break...? ("Darrell Leavitt")
  Question: Recirculating (how long,..how clear)? ("Darrell Leavitt")
  Pilsner in Secondary (temperature question) ("Darrell Leavitt")
  herms web site ("Micah Millspaw")
  CO2 bottles in fridge?? (Andrew Nix)
  Proper use of Phalse Bottom (Dan Listermann)
  royalties (Marc Sedam)
  Mouthfeel and dextrins - not (Dave Burley)
  help on my quest for Santa (Marc Sedam)
  Souring Stout (Dan Listermann)
  Re: Hot Pepper Beer ("Charles T. Major")
  Guinness souring (johnk)
  Re: Mash and Lauter in same vessel (John DeCarlo)
  Conical Fermenter ("John Todd Larson")
  Color ("G. M. Remake")
  Zapap Efficiency (RCAYOT)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 10:11:35 -0500 From: David A Bradley <BRADLEY_DAVID_A at Lilly.com> Subject: A few things... Some collected thoughts... Unibroue's La Fin du Monde is now being sold in Indianapolis at some Kroger grocery stores! On the NW side of town anyway, its in a center main aisle wooden stand. Oh for the days when you could publish simple observations with conjecture as fact in chemistry journals!! Oh wait a minute, I guess that still happens. Yeast anuses? Bottling a few from the keg...probably its been mentioned already, but PrimeTabs are great for this too unless the beer has been filtered or lagered very long (you do still need some yeast for this to work). The Phloating phalse bottom trick....use a rigid tubing from the phalse bottom to your spigot. Or, cut a length of plastic tubing to fit the circumfrence of the false bottom, slit the tubing lengthwise, and use it around the edge of the false bottom as a gasket, sealing the bottom to your mash tun ** if ** the tun ID can create a good seal to the false bottom (close diameter to the false bottom). Dave in Indy Home of the Naptown Brewing Company, Ltd. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 10:26:30 -0500 From: Randy Ricchi <rricchi at ccisd.k12.mi.us> Subject: Wyeast 1338 doppelbock Scott Zimmerle asked about brewing a doppelbock with Wyeast 1338. When you think of it, a doppelbock and a strong scotch ale are very much alike. While technically your beer brewed with Y1338 would be an ale, I think you could a very nice doppelbock-like beer. A word of caution. I once tried to brew an Octoberfest with a Wyeast 1338 yeast cake from a previous batch. Fermented at 60 degrees ambient temp. Problem was, with that much yeast, the fermentation was so explosive, it fermented a 1.064 gravity beer down to 1.010 in around 24 hours. It must have created a lot of it's own heat, because even though the ambient temp was a nice cool 60, the beer was extremely fruity. I suggest you don't use the entire yeast cake. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 10:33:18 -0400 From: Danny Johnson <shag at ipass.net> Subject: Re:Keeping a Phalse Bottom down I use two methods on keeping the PPB down #1 When adding mash water to the Gott(in my case), I back feed the water through the bulkhead tap and as it under lets the water, it forces all the air from under the PPB . This works even better when tapping the PPB as the water rises above the PPB. No more floating. I sometimes then switch to filling from above the PPB after the water level is above the PPB to increase speed of filling. An additional note about the setup. I connect the 90 degree hose barb on the PPB with a 6" piece of plastic 1/4 plastic tubing(broken racking cane) with a 4" long 3/8 vinyl tubing coupler. the other end of the 6" piece of old racking cane enters the inside of the bulkhead fitting THROUGH a small drilled stopper. This allows easy removal and setup of PPB. I never remove the 6" piece of old racking cane, 3/8" coupler,drilled stopper from the PPB. I can install and remove in 5 seconds. #2 I have and sometimes still use a BB filled 3/8' tubing that lays precisely around the perimeter of the PPB. I learned this trick on HBD. This method allows less grain to get under the edges. DJ Raleigh, NC > Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2000 08:47:34 +0200 > From: Ant Hayes <Ant.Hayes at FifthQuadrant.co.za> > Subject: Keeping a Phalse Bottom down > > I have been using Phil's Phalse Bottom since 97, very happily, except for > its desire to float. This was not a problem until I started using the > floating mash approach in a combined mash/lauter tun. Doughing in is tricky > when the bottom floats, and I struggle to get a clear run off. > Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 10:50:13 -0500 From: "Chris McGee" <chris at sturgeonlaw.com> Subject: Advice for new brewer Greetings, I have been lurking for a while trying to figure out just exactly what you people are talking about. Sometimes it is like watching the Spanish Channel when I read the daily email from this list.<G> As my preacher said when my mom told him all I did was draw in church service. He said, "It's like hot water in a wicker basket, none is held, but it cleans as it goes through." To the real subject. I brewed (2nd batch ever) a Bass clone (extract) night before last and now that I'm done I have some questions for your combined knowledge. The recipe called for barley, I steeped that for the recommended time but when that was done I forgot to sparge. I guess I got too excited. The hop schedule called for four different length boils for the hops. I did all of these correctly, but did not sparge these either. Should I have sparged them? I only have around 4.75 gal in the fermenter, probably because I didn't sparge. The last hopping was/is a dry hop. I put the hop bag in after I removed the wort from heat then shoved the hop bag into the carboy because the instructions said to leave it in for the fermentation. Was that correct? I made a starter culture from Wyeast Whitbread after the Wyeast bag was puffed up. My OG was 1050 which is mid range of where it should be and I had bubbles once a second within 12 hours of pitching but bubbles are already slacking off less than 48 hours after pitching. In a nut shell, here are my questions: Is the fact that I didn't sparge going to hurt the beer? Should I have added more water to raise to 5gal? Should I have sparged the hops? Was I right to put the hops bag in the carboy? Is my yeast o.k.? Thanks in advance. CHRIS Atlanta Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 07:51:31 -0800 From: "Randy Hall" <randy_hall at earthling.net> Subject: First Experience Hello! Considering the resounding response to my first question (re: "The Practical Brewer" PDF), I'm really happy to be here! As I understand the info has been re-posted to the list, I'll not repeat it here. Thanks for the several private responses to this! Cheers, Randy Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 11:22:21 EST From: MaltHound at aol.com Subject: Re: Zapap Bum Rap? In a message dated 1/18/2000 10:37:21 PM Central Standard Time, briandixon at home.com writes: << So why do I still bet on the Phil's Phalse Bottom (now Listermann's ... but I'm an old fan of the original name ... and owner)? ...>> Chiming in here for Dan Listermann, he (Linstermann Manufacturing) *is* the original owner / manufacturer of the "Phil" series of stuff. It is his son, Phil, that all of the gadgets are named after. Always has been. << ...I weighed these pros and cons when I bought mine, and went with the Phalse Bottom and have had nothing but pleasure and good brewing since. Just my 2-bits worth I guess! YMMV.>> No arguments here! It is a very good false bottom. Worth every penny. I just don't think it is necessarily superior to all the others. Regards, Fred Wills Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 11:36:25 -0800 From: "Eric R. Theiner" <logic at skantech.com> Subject: Ball and Pin Lock Interchange All of our club members use ball locks, but one member worked for Coke (and kindly provided us with some kegs). The dilemma-- how to use both pin and ball lock kegs in our standard systems. The solution-- a barbed fitting with a threaded collar. I don't know what these are called (maybe someone who sells these could jump in), but you insert the barb into your hoses and clamp them in. The collar rotates freely outside of the hose, and the thread matches up to both pin and ball lock fittings. So when I have pressurized my ball lock keg and need to add some gas to the pin lock next to it, I simply unscrew the ball lock fitting and screw on the pin lock fitting. BTW, I'd like to add my voice to the guy who said that the Listermann CounterPhil is the best counterpressure filler out there. I still hate doing it, but it's a hell of a lot less messy and easier to use than the other options and fillers I've tried. Rick Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 09:46:02 -0800 From: J Daoust <thedaousts at ixpres.com> Subject: hopping schedules?? I am trying to decipher the differences between the 30 min, 20 min., and 15 min. hop additions. What is the effect on hop bitterness / flavor / aroma that the different schedules give. Currently, I am assuming that the 30 min. gives some bitterness, but more flavor; 20 min. mostly flavor, and 15 flavor and aroma. I would love some clarification, and as always, private e-mail is fine. Thanks, Jerry Daoust Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 10:38:44 -0800 (PST) From: Bryan Gros <blgros at yahoo.com> Subject: sparging Sparging question: I switched from fly sparging (now called continuous sparging) to batch sparging. Due to the fact that it is easier. I've noticed I undershoot my target gravity. Maybe due to the batch sparging. I realize that in fly sparging, reducing the rate of sparging will increase efficiency, up to a point. Does the runoff rate matter in batch sparging? Presumably, you've dissolved all the sugar you're going to dissolve when you add the water and mix. So you should be able to runoff pretty fast. Right? - Bryan Bryan Gros gros at bigfoot.com Oakland CA __________________________________________________ Do You Yahoo!? Talk to your friends online with Yahoo! Messenger. http://im.yahoo.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 13:50:00 -0800 (PST) From: "Steven J. Owens" <puff at netcom.com> Subject: Old Beer Cans > Jeff McNally writes >> A good friend of mine gave me a very old, full, can of Budweiser.... >> [...] >> Any ideas/guesses as to what this may be worth (and no, it's not for sale)? > > Largely depends on the condition of the can. Rust? Humidity spots? > Scratches? Dents? A full can often eliminates much of the market > that would be worried it will leak. e-Bay is the natural place to > start on a price. Hm... what's the ballpark on these things? I'm sure prices can vary wildly depending on age, condition and brand, but what do most of them seem to go for? When I moved into my new 90-year-old house last year, there was a crate of old, unopened beer cans in the basement that I shoved in a corner with a vague idea of looking into their value sometime. I have to say, I didn't even look closely enough to notice what brand they were (not that I'm too familiar with mainstream brands; the first beer I ever enjoyed drinking was a homebrew somebody anded to me in 1991 :-). I recall they were mostly white with blue and red markings, and they didn't have the modern beer/soda can crimping at the top/bottom of the can. Steven J. Owens puff at netcom.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 16:53:28 -0600 From: "Dan Senne" <dsenne at intertek.net> Subject: MCAB II I saw here about the MCAB II which is to be held in St. Louis March 24-26. Can anyone attend? What is the cost? Thanks, Dan Senne Collinsville, IL Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 15:22:06 -0800 (PST) From: "Steven J. Owens" <puff at netcom.com> Subject: Sparging: Burst vs. Batch Lots of interesting tidbits in this HBD, tantalizing references to things that make me wonder... > From: "Paul Smith" <pksmith_morin at msn.com> > Subject: Burst Sparging - Clarification > > I would like to clarify what I mean by "burst sparging," in case > there is any confusion. Some have written of a technique which > entails essentially recirculating as normal, then adding a great > volume of the batch water, and running off completely. This is what > I have heard of as "batch sparging" and differs from the technique I > employ, burst sparging. I've been reading various descriptions of full-mash brewing and they all talk about sparging but they describe a pretty simple process. Then I keep seeing references like this that imply much more complex processes. What's "recirculating as normal"? Here's the process as I get it from Papazian's _Joy of Homebrewing_ (summarized from memory here): Stage 1: Mash a) Fill the first pot with water, b) heat it to boiling, c) stir the grains in, d) heat it back to boiling e) Play with temperatures (protein rests, etc) Stage 2: Sparge Assuming the grains have settled to the bottom... a) drain off the wort, all but the last inch covering the grains, b) pour more hot water in, c) boil a bit, d) go to a (repeat several times) Stage 3: Brew (just the way you would with an extract brew). > Whereas batch sparging entails a complete runoff (to a dry grain > bed) between "dumping" sparge water onto the bed (often, the sparge > is thoroughly mixed into the grain bed again, a recirculation is > completed, and the runoff is again run to a dry bed), burst sparging > entails a recirculation and runoff as per normal. Wait, so above you said batch sparging involves recirculating as normal and now you're saying burst sparging involves recirculating as normal. Which is it? > Continuous sparge obviously differs here in that a > constant 1.5-2" water column is maintained above the grain bed. What's continuous sparging? > Hope this clarifies. 'fraid not, at least for me :-(. Steven J. Owens puff at netcom.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 16:53:29 -0800 (PST) From: "Steven J. Owens" <puff at netcom.com> Subject: Mouthfeel, mashing, etc. Dave Burley wrote: > Steve Worth's suggestion to go back and re-read Papazian's book > after brewing a few is a good one. But if Charlie is the origin of > Steve's concept that dextrins contribute to mouthfeel, he's wrong. That's Steve Owens, and yeah, it was my screwup, not Charlie's. Serves me right for posting when I'm not thinking clearly (tail end of a this flu that's going around). > Soluble proteins contribute to mouthfeel and dextrins do not, > acccording to many scientific investigations. So let's see if I can summarize this correctly: The malted grain starts out containing proteins, starches and enzymes. In a nutshell, mashing is the process of boiling the malted grain in water to both disolve out the proteins and starches and to create conditions (mostly temperature) that allow the enzymes to transform some proportion of both into either fermentable or unfermentable sugar. The fermentable sugar then gets turned into alcohol, while the rest of it - the protein and the unfermentable sugar - affect the flavor, feel and appearance of the beer. So in concept it's simple, but in brewing, as in many other things, the devil is in the details. In the process of mashing, you essentially want to tweak various factors to promote the activities of the different enzymes (proteases for proteins, the Alpha and Beta amylases for starches). Some of these factors include: - temperatures and durations, (some enzymes work better at 140 degrees, others at 150) - even distribution of temperatures (stirring the liquid to prevent hot and cold spots) - alkalinity of the water (also called pH; usually you have a high pH and you want to lower it, which is easy enough to do by adding some substances (gypsum is one) ot the mash). - amount of air (and hence oxygen) you allow to get into the liquid (called aeration; note that while aeration during the mash is bad, aeration just before you pitch the yeast is god - one of the contradictions that keeps brewing interesting :-). - how you introduce more heat into the picture - do you heat the container, or add more hot water (infusion mashing) or suck out some of the liquid, heat it up and add it back in (decoction mashing)? - thickness/thinness of the wort An additional detail is that you don't want to waste any of this b yummy stuff, so when you're done you drain the liquid out, then pour more hot water through the grains to get whatever's left. This gets a bit more complicated because the bed of grain in the pot also becomes a natural filtration system to keep the solid bits out. So you have to pay attention to how the wort gets filtered through the grain bed, making sure the bed isn't too thick or too thin, that you don't disturb the grain bed when you pour the water in, etc. Any others I've missed? Steven J. Owens puff at netcom.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 16:57:26 -0800 (PST) From: erniebaker at webtv.net Subject: Corona mill I need help..I am a extract/partial mash brewer and will never do all grain. I will be 68 this year, had two back operations last Nov. Sad, but still brewing. I received a corona mill for xmas without instructions.I have it together but need to know the starting point where i make adjustments. I know what the grain is to look like, just don't know the best way to do it... thanks email or post.... Ernie Baker (USMC Ret) 29 Palms, CA Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 21:14:25 -0500 From: "George de Piro" <gdepiro at mindspring.com> Subject: Munich malt Howdy all, Pete Czerpak writes his summary of Munich malt advice gleaned from this tome: "It sounds like dark Weyermanns munich malt has the potential for lowered OG and higher FG. It also sounds like decoction mashing can help with low extractions. Increasing temperature of fermentation may help also if the gravity is stuck high. When infusion mashing, I'll just have to buy a pound or 2 extra I guess." I take issue with this information. The laboratory course grind yield for Weyermann dark Munich malt is only marginally lower (0-3%) than the yield from their pilsner malt. Here at the brewpub I get the extraction I expect from it. If you are getting grossly low yields, check your crush and the accuracy of your mash thermometer, and the accuracy of your volume measurments. As a homebrewer I did experiments on a few occasions to determine if decoction mashing would increase efficiency. I measured the SG of the mash liquid with a hydrometer, decocted a third of the mash, cooled it down to the mash temperature, added it back, made up the volume difference and measured the SG again. My homebrew hydrometer could never register a difference. The reason that decocting didn't make a big difference is likely to be the fact that most modern malts are well modified (almost all, in fact; the Budvar stuff being the only undermodified malt that I know of). This means that the protein matrix that entraps the starch granules is already broken down for the brewer. A single temperature infusion mash will achieve almost as much saccharification as a multi-temp infusion or decoction. The third point is with regard to the high final gravities being seen by brewers using Munich malt. If you can alter the fermentation conditions and bring the FG lower, then the problem isn't the malt, it's the yeast and the way you are treating it. No amount of futzing with the fermentation temperature is going to induce your brewing yeast to consume dextrins that it previously could not ferment. Beers made with a large amount of Munich malt and other high-kilned malts do tend to finish with higher gravities, but it is important to not confuse a poor fermentation with malt issues. You will not solve your brewing problems that way. Have fun! George de Piro C.H. Evans Brewing Company at the Albany Pump Station (518)447-9000 http://evansale.com (under construction) Malted Barley Appreciation Society Homebrew Club http://hbd.org/mbas Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 21:35:14 -0500 From: " Karl D. Loeffler" <kdloeffler at home.com> Subject: Will the real Phil Yates... Will the real Phil Yates please stand up. I was able to find a photo of the ever elusive Phil (or is it Jill) Yates the other day. He even posed for the camera. If your interested in seeing Phil at lounging around (he must have just finished brewing a batch of "the worlds greatest beer"), go to: http://members.home.com/kdloeffler/AussieBrew.jpg p.s. Yes, Phil gave me permission to use this photo. Karl Loeffler Sterling Heights, MI. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 20:29:04 -0600 From: "Sean Richens" <srichens at sprint.ca> Subject: Iodophor and Guiness Re. sources of Iodophor: I would imagine the trick is finding formulations for food-contact use. For lab and hospital use there's "Wescodyne" and multiple variations thereof. I suggest trying to think of who else has food-contact surfaces to sanitize. If you end up phoning your local abattoir or whatever, ask for engineering, rather than biology or other departments. We love to get asked for our opinions! My understanding on the soured Guiness question is from Michael Jackson's New World Guide to Beer - the 3% soured addition is only for the Export going to tropical countries and is added to compensate for the reduced attenuation of the higher-gravity beer. In other words, it's to get 1.060 beer to taste like 1.036 beer. The Guiness you drink in N.A., in bottles in Europe, or on tap in Eire and the UK has no soured addition. Sean srichens at sprint.ca Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 23:30:46 EST From: WayneM38 at aol.com Subject: Brewing Texts Online In a message dated 1/17/00 11:06:33 PM Central Standard Time, homebrew-request@hbd.org writes: << The Practical Brewer is available via pdf download at the Master Brewer Association of the Americas website. It takes forever, but it's free. A good text. >> Not for long. Better download ASAP if you want a free copy. Wayne Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 05:28:08 -0600 From: "Scott A. Vliek" <svliek at jorsm.com> Subject: Re: Keg Fittings >Bill Freeman wrote: > > I think all I said was that IMHO fittings on stainless kegs and stock > pots are better welded than threaded through the side. Brass works, but > must be treated to recuce the lead leaching into the brew. BTW 1/2 ball > valves have only a 3/8 interior hole. 3/4 ball valves have a 1/2 hole > through the ball. "the perfesser" uses a long version of the EasyMasher > to strain hops out of the outflow of the boiler. The whole hop bed also > filters a lot of the hot break out at the same time. The science of > brewing is not finite. Nor is the way each of us chooses to deal with > ourt equipment. Cheers, Bill Freeman aka Elder Rat > I would agree that welded fittings are better than threaded due to the thin walls on kegs. But easier still are bulkhead fittings with teflon and stainless washers. Ball valves are available with "full bore," meaning that the ball port is the same size as the tubing size, i.e. 1/2" tubing with 1/2" ball port. Scott - -- Scott A. Vliek mailto:svliek at jorsm.com mailto:greywarrior at geocities.com USS McMorris Homepage: http://www.geocities.com/ussmcmorris/ Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 07:54:58 -0400 From: "Darrell Leavitt"<Darrell_Leavitt at sln.esc.edu> Subject: hot break...? I have a question about the "hot break": After recirculation and sparging ,...just as the wort starts to boil I get scum on the top. I have interpreted this scum as "hot break" so I typically stir to sort of centrifuge it, and skim it from the top. My question is: is this the hot break/ large proteins? and if so, can one 'over skim'...ie can one take too much thereby harming head retention? ..Darrell <Terminally INtermediate Home-brewer> Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 08:16:20 -0400 From: "Darrell Leavitt"<Darrell_Leavitt at sln.esc.edu> Subject: Question: Recirculating (how long,..how clear)? When I started all grain brewing (about 2 years ago), having read Papazian, Miller, and some others, I think that I may have been a bit compulsive about recirulating; that is, I had read (in Miller, I think) that one should recirculate about the same amount of liquid that one had infused the grain with, which in my case is usually 3 gallons...so I found myself recirculating both for quantity, and for quality ..... I made sure that the wort was REAL clear...... Well, now I have relaxed a bit and recirulate in the following manner, and I'd appreciate comments and suggestions : For the first 3-4 pints I generally let the spigot flow real fast to sort of set the grain bed. Then I let the flow go much more slowly (perhaps 1 minute for a pint, or slightly more time) for several pints (6-8 ?) until it is approaching running "clear". I say, "approaching" in that usually there are still some small 'floaties' in the wort...but I let some of those go into the kettle thinking that they'll get degraded in the boil. Am I recirculating too little now? ..Darrell <Terminally INtermediate Home-Brewer> Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 08:25:01 -0400 From: "Darrell Leavitt"<Darrell_Leavitt at sln.esc.edu> Subject: Pilsner in Secondary (temperature question) I have a pilsner that was 4 weeks in primary, now 10 days in secondary, using WLP800 WhiteLabs Pilsner Lager yeast. I have dropped the temp to around 38 F. I plan on leaving it there for at least another week or more...but should I do an "diacetyl rest" at the end....ie, let the temp go up to 60 F for a day or so just before bottling? ..Darrell (last question for today) Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 07:39:49 -0600 From: "Micah Millspaw" <MMillspa at SILGANMFG.COM> Subject: herms web site After many, many suggestions to do this, I have finally constructed a web site with my HERMS building info on it. http://www.ameritech.net/users/mmillspaw/index.htm Micah Millspaw - brewer at large Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 08:58:13 -0600 From: Andrew Nix <anix at vt.edu> Subject: CO2 bottles in fridge?? Just a quick one... For anyone who MAY remember me, I just resubscribed to HBD after moving to Christiansburg, Virginia in August (been REALLY busy). Anyway, I am converting an old fridge and moving my hardware from my 3 gallon kegging setup to my larger fridge to allow for dual 5 gal kegs. Do you folks who have a large brew fridge with kegs in it put your CO2 bottle inside, or do you tap a hole and bring the gas line in from the outside??? With my 3 gal system, the fridge had barely enough room to fit a 3 gallon keg, let alone a bottle of CO2, so this was never an issue. I'd prefer if I could put the bottle in the fridge, and I think I remember seeing some kind of chain system to assure the bottle stays upright inside. Thanks for any info!!! I look forward to getting back into some good homebrew conversation. Anyone from this area (that I don't know) drop me a line at beerbrewer at vt.edu. I will be at the New River Valley Homebrewers meeting tonight (provided the snow doesn't keep us indoors) and will hopefully make next month's Star City Brewers (Roanoke, VA) meeting (Bob Bratcher, you still around??) in order to meet some new folks. Drewmeister Andrew Nix Department of Mechanical Engineering Virginia Tech anix at vt.edu http://www.vt.edu:10021/A/anix Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 08:54:11 -0500 From: Dan Listermann <72723.1707 at compuserve.com> Subject: Proper use of Phalse Bottom Ant Hayes ( Ant.Hayes at FifthQuadrant.co.za) asks about using a Phil's Phalse Bottom as a mash/lauter tun. If all the strike water is added tothe lauter tun before the grain, the Phalse Bottom will float. A better method from both the botttom's and the grain's perspective is to add the water and grain pan for pan adjusting the consistancy as you go along. This way the bottom will not float and the first portion of the grain will not be exposed to elevated temperatures. I have been doing this for years. Lately I have been using another method because it is easier and uses slightly cooler water. I underlet the strike water from the hot liquor tank into the mash tun while I slowly stir in the grains. There is no messing with the water pan and the strike water can be 5 degrees cooler. Dan Listermann dan at listermann.com 72723.1707 at compuserve.com Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 09:05:43 -0500 From: Marc Sedam <marc_sedam at unc.edu> Subject: royalties Ahhh. That's why you call it "burst sparging"... Of course to collect royalties you should change it to "Burst Sparging, (c) 2000 by Paul Smith, all rights reserved". That will give you (and your heirs) 100 years to collect royalties provided someone makes any dough through use of the term. ;-) - -- Marc Sedam Technology Development Associate Office of Technology Development The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 308 Bynum Hall; CB# 4105 Chapel Hill, NC 27599-4105 919.966.3929 (phone) 919.962.0646 (fax) http://www.research.unc.edu/otd Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 09:21:24 -0500 From: Dave Burley <Dave_Burley at compuserve.com> Subject: Mouthfeel and dextrins - not Brewsters: Paul Smith asks for references that demonstrate that dextrins do not contribute to mouthfeel and cites 158F mashed beers as having more mouthfeel or body as his proof that dextrins are involved. I also mash at 158F because I like the quality of the beer produced. Is it because of the dextrins? No. M&BS (1982) 2nd ed V2 p 840 says: "Texture refers more to solid foodstuffs than liquids, but is probably related to what is referred to as "palate fullness" or "body" This ill-defined beer property is thought to be related to the concentration of macromolecules, principally beta glucans, proteins and melanodins, in the beer" I know a lot of time is spent quoting the results of the effect of mashing temperature in the saccharification range on the carbohydrate content of the beer, perhaps because it is related to the alcohol content per ton of malt. And alcohol is the active ingredient in which governments and their taxmen are interested. But that is not necessarily all that is happening in this temperature range. My point is, your logic is bad, just because you know what happens to the carbohydrate at higher mash temperatures and that higher mash temperatures produce better beer in many people's opinion, ( including my own) does not mean that dextrins are the reason. I have yet to see a really full discussion of what is happening to the other components as a function of mashing regimes, other than in the temperature ranges where pertinent enzymes relate to that substance. For example, maybe beta glucans and proteins interact and do some funny chemistry at 158F. Or maybe it is the melandoins catalysing something. I don't know. I suggest you make use of the HBD archives where this subject of body has been discussed many times. I also suggest you refer to both M&BS old and new edition, as well as DeClerk. In the newest version of M&BS P.866 there are extensive studies quoted in an attempt to clarify what is meant by "mouthfeel" and "body" and such. Trying to clarify what is meant by these words is a complicated activity. Even the French were involved. But like Professor Higgins said "The French don't care what you say only how you pronounce it!" so I don't know of their impact on these studies... "Mouthfeel" has the following potential organoleptic responses: Alkaline,Mouthcoating,Metallic, Astringent,Powdery, Carbonation, Warming "Body" is broken down into Watery, Characterless,Satiating, Thick I concur that mashing at 158F makes a better beer, but exactly why, I don't know. I do know it is not dextrins as supported by the references. The above texture discussion would also argue that we should be looking elsewhere in the mashing regime to improve the whatever it is that makes beer so appealing. Keep on Brewin' Dave Burley Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 09:45:41 -0500 From: Marc Sedam <marc_sedam at unc.edu> Subject: help on my quest for Santa I've been grabbed by a quest to create a beer with similar qualities to Samichlaus, the wonderfully alcoholic (~14%abv) Swiss lager that is no longer produced. I'm convinced I could come close by finding the Samichlaus yeast. Since Hurlimann no longer makes the beer (after being bought out by Feldschlosschen) the likelihood of getting the brewery to fess up a culture is nil. I've contacted a Swiss friend of mine to see if she can't extricate something from the brewery. I'm currently trying to culture something out of a 1996 vintage, but my hopes aren't high. There has been little, if any, activity in the culture. I've searched the ATCC and the NCYC for yeast of similar quality, but was unable to find anything. I did uncover a "superattenuating" yeast that I thought would be a good choice, but Fix's AOBT says that they produce nasty beers with medicinal flavors. Damn. The ATCC had few commercial yeast strains, but the NCYC (in the UK) had over 460 brewing yeast cultures!! Of course each culture will run you ~75 pounds, so don't get too excited. If I had to guess, the Samichlaus strain *might* be in there somewhere. Unfortunately, a majority of the yeasts don't have any descriptions that would suggest how they ferment. The website also states that they won't give the info about who gave them the yeast. Sooo...your mission, should you choose to accept it is as follows-- I'm looking for members of the HBD who: (1) knows someone at the NCYC who could provide some hints on which yeast is the correct choice. I know that the Samichlaus yeast is a lager strain that evolved at the brewery to be very alcohol tolerant. I would guess that the attenuation is greater than 80%. It's a S. carlsbergensis strain. (2) anyone looking at this from Switzerland who might be willing to do some creative begging at Feldschlosschen Brewery. It's near Basel (and Bern, I think). (3) anyone who knows of another culture bank in central Europe (Switzerland, Czech Republic, Germany) which might be a more likely location for the strain Lastly, if someone does find this yeast in a culture bank it will likely cost ~$150. I know there are others on the list who would be interested in this yeast for making Samichlaus clones or just messing around with a yeast that can tolerate enormous starting gravities. A cost sharing mechanism would be wonderful. I think I could find someone on campus who would culture up the yeast on slants for me to distribute on a one-time basis to contributors. Or, I would be willing to give the yeast to Wyeast, WhiteLabs, or the Yeast Culture Kit Co. for storage as long as it were made available for a reasonable charge. This message will self-destruct if the HBD server ever crashes again. Cheers! Marc Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 10:06:10 -0500 From: Dan Listermann <72723.1707 at compuserve.com> Subject: Souring Stout I have been able to simulate the Guinness "twang" very closely using Weyermann's Acidulated malt ( very different from Weissheimer's). Taste just one corn and you know why it works and why I told you to just taste one. It is very controlable and easy to use. I simply add .25 lbs for a five gallon batch. Using Wheeler's recipe, Paul's Stout malt and acid malt produced a stout that is probably the closest I have ever come to reproducing a commercial beer and a difficult one as well! Dan Listermann dan at listermann.com 72723.1707 at compuserve.com Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 09:34:37 -0600 (Central Standard Time) From: "Charles T. Major" <ctmajor at samford.edu> Subject: Re: Hot Pepper Beer Brett Spivey is looking for a chile pepper beer. His description sounds like Cave Creek Chile Beer, though as I recall it had a serrano rather than jalapeno chile in the bottle (which might account for not having a jalapeno taste). Cave Creek is packaged in a clear bottle with a yellow label, and it is a pale lager, with little hop bitterness; a little bit of sweetness helps balance the chile heat. As I recall, the brewery was just outside of Phoenix AZ, I think in a town called Cave Creek. The label mentioned an associated brewpub/restaurant. Regards, Tidmarsh Major Birmingham, Alabama Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 09:52:49 -0600 From: johnk at inil.com (johnk) Subject: Guinness souring Randy Mosher says to add a couple bottles of Berliner Weiss to a 5 gallon batch to get the Guiness sourness! If the 3% addition is true, that would be 19.2 oz. of "Soured Beer" in a 5 gallon batch. So maybe less than two full bottles would do the trick. John Kleczewski, West Chicago IL johnk at inil.com Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 13:47:40 -0500 (EST) From: John DeCarlo <jdecarlo at comic.com> Subject: Re: Mash and Lauter in same vessel George de Piro writes: >Bruce Carpenter asks for some first-batch all-grain advice: > >He asks if he can mash and lauter in the same vessel. The >answer is a resounding "Yes!" In fact, most small breweries are >set up this way. The combination mash-lauter tun is called, >accurately enough, a "Combi-tun." It does limit some of your >mashing options, but not terribly so. It is a great way to keep >your first few batches simple. I believe Bruce's original question was oriented towards a Zapap type arrangement. This may lead to George's response about limitations. I am no expert brewer, and have fallen into "burn-out brewer" status since the birth of my third child three years ago, but I always kept my all-grains simple. I use a slotted copper tube in my 8 gallon pot for mashing and lautering. It goes around the inside rim, then the non-slotted portion bends up and over the pot so I can connect a hose when sparging. The pot goes on the stove, so I can try and achieve any temp I need during the mash by turning the heat higher or lower. I can stir during the mash if needed, as the copper tube doesn't impede much at all (otherwise I get temp differences mashing on the stove). I can take the tube out and use the pot as my brew pot as well, assuming I have intermediate storage long enough to get all the grain out and the pot cleaned. It was some work cutting the slots big enough to be useful, but not so big that the tubing cracked (I did ruin one earlier on, but just cut that part off and still had enough). I have mashed weird step mashes with this arrangement, including one Belgian Wit that came out really well. Anyway, comments welcome, but I felt at the time that it simplified life for me greatly. John DeCarlo, My Views Are My Own jdecarlo at comic.com ______________________________________________ FREE Personalized Email at Mail.com Sign up at http://www.mail.com?sr=mc.mk.mcm.tag001 Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 11:49:31 -0800 From: "John Todd Larson" <larson at amazon.com> Subject: Conical Fermenter I am considering the purchase of a 7.1 gallon SS conical fermenter from morebeer.com. I know much has been written in the past re/ conical fermenters, but I could find no specific references to this product. It seems to be of high quality and very reasonable cost. I would appreciate any thoughts re/ this product, including thoughts on the usefulness of a racking arm & port. I question the need for this if I am planning to dump spent yeast from the bottom. Thanks, Todd Larson J. Todd Larson Treasury Manager Amazon.com larson at amazon.com (206) 266-4367 Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 13:49:07 -0600 From: "G. M. Remake" <gremake at gsbalum.uchicago.edu> Subject: Color Hello all, Over the last couple of years I've been developing an Excel brewing spreadsheet with which I'm generally happy. The latest thing I'd like it to do is display the color for a recipe based on the predicted SRM. Excel allows you to specify six parameters to describe just about any color. What I'm hoping to do is figure out a way to display a desired color if I can relate the SRM rating to those six parameters. These parameters are hue, saturation (intensity), luminance (brightness), red, green, and blue. Each parameter has a setting between zero and 255. Does anyone know of a way to correlate SRM ratings with these six parameters? Better yet, has anyone else already accomplished this objective, or know how I can wire it into my spreadsheet? Cheers! Greg Return to table of contents
Date: 20 Jan 2000 13:51:40 -0500 From: RCAYOT at solutia.com Subject: Zapap Efficiency Fred Wills asks about a theory why a Zapap would have lower extraction. I work as a chromatographer, and this is essentially what we are doing when sparging. We are separating the sweet wort from the grain with the sparge water. However designing our lauter systems to minimize the amount of mixing of the sparge water with the sweet wort helps with efficiency. Let me try to explain: The maximum "rinsing" capability exists in the sparge water, the sweet wort will diffuse out of the grains and into the low concentration "mobile phase", and be acrried down and out of the lauter tun (column). If sweet wort mixes with sparge water entering from the top, then when that sparge water reaches some grains with entrained sweet wort, then the concentration gradient and the force (chemical potential to those P-chemists) to difuse out is reduced. The same thing occurs on in the space below the false bottom, sparge/sweet wort enters from the top and mixes with the sweeter stuff that came out just before it and the sweeter wort is diluted etc. The problem with the Zapap as I saw mine anyway was the relatively large underlet volume (volume below the false bottom). In addition I also had the problem someone else mentioned and that was the leaking of air and wort between the buckets, which someone solved by cutitng the inner bucket down. Anyway the best lauter tun from an extraction point of view would have an enormous length (grain bed depth) compared to the diameter, and very little dead volume at the top and bottom. In addition, the grain "column" would have to be packed evenly so as not to channel. The design considerations for efficiency, however, go against the expense of time etc, the efficient design form extraction point of view would achieve the highest specific gravity with the least amount of water. This design (tall and skinny) limits the rate at which you can lauter (due to flow restriction) so we generally like to have a larger diameter, and these vary I have heard that a grain depth equal to the bed diameter is a good choice. the key to the other more efficient systems is the reduced underletting, even sparge water distribution, slow run-off, temperature control, bed cutting to reduce channeling, the ability to rouse up the grain bed and allow to settle so that husks settle first and act like filters to the real gummy stuff. For non-commercial applications like homebrewing, however, many of the trade-offs are different, I would trade efficiency for time any-day, but haven't yet tried no-sparge brewing, the ultimate time saver in grain brewing! Regards, Roger Return to table of contents
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