HOMEBREW Digest #3633 Tue 15 May 2001

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  Apple Cider & the ATF ("Rod McBride")
  (no) more diacetyl please (JohanNico)" <JohanNico.Aikema at akzonobel.com>
  Who Is Doctor Pivo? ("Max McDonohue")
  counterflow woes (Steven)
  Bicarbonate precipitation (Dan Temple)
  Malt Mill Motor HP (Chuck Mryglot)
  Re: you are my club, paranoia ("Doug Hurst")
  You are my Club ("Pannicke, Glen A.")
  yeast vitality ("Alan Meeker")
  Grant/Hopback (MAB)
  re: a mystery resolved ("Joseph Marsh")
  Can cranberries kill a primary ferment? ("St.John O'Neill")
  Ala & Fl Beers??? (Phil Wilcox)
  sparging (Himsbrew)
  MCAB3 Presentation Material (Bob Regent)
  RE: Fermenting in a Refridgerator (jeff storm)
  fridge help ("Bob")
  re: Panhandle Beers ("Mark Tumarkin")
  re: cycloheximide question ("Stephen Alexander")
  Veltins (Bill Frazier)
  PubCrawl Portland, Oregon ("Jack Smith")
  AHA Conference Reminder (Drew Beechum)
  AHA BOA ELECTION ("Rob Moline")
  yeast (ensmingr)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 00:13:29 -0500 From: "Rod McBride" <alehusband at planetkc.com> Subject: Apple Cider & the ATF In response to Kevin Johnson's post regarding cider belatedly, first submitted with non-ASCII characters: Making it is easy, though if you're going to go "from scratch" you're restricted by when the apples get ripe. They then need to be sweated (they continue to increase sugar for a couple of weeks after harvest). Don't try using a grape press, you need more firepower than that. A proper cider mill has a grinder that creates a pomace (apple sauce) which you put in mesh "cheeses" on the press, then you squeeze the heck out of it. For those of us (me) who can't afford a cider mill and prefer to make cider when we want to, any pasteurized apple juice that is innocent of preservatives will work. I have had excellent luck with Louisburg Cider, a juice from Louisburg, Kansas. I add a tablespoon of grape tannin to 5 gallons of must, as well as pectic enzyme, and pitch it with a half gallon starter (apple juice) of sweet mead yeast, then ferment it cool, about 50-55 F. Carbonate in the keg or bottle condition, your choice. Some juices lack acid as well as tannin, so get your titration kit out or use your taste buds and figure out if you need to reach for the acid blend, but I've never had to with Louisburg juice. If you decide to sell it, it doesn't matter if you're making it like they did in 1500, it's the ATF and state enforcement authorities you have to contend with. ATF online has complete regulations for turning pro, hundreds of pages. You'll have to dig around to find out what the rules are for cider. If you add sugar and get it up to wine strength (I don't), it may be considered a sparkling wine which is taxed at an exhorbitant $3.40 per wine gallon at the federal level. Find out what state authority (in Kansas it's Alcohol Beverage Control) regulates booze and get their compliance guide. If you make it through all that and you haven't fainted, you can launch your commercial cidery provided you've got deep pockets and a knack for sales. Alternately, you can just take out a classified ad and sell tax-free from your basement until they relocate you to the public housing facility in Leavenworth. Of course, if you want to sell your cider, you'll have to make it faster than you drink it, which is a challenge almost as daunting as Section 27. Rod McBride "Peat, by the way, is found only in Celtic countries because God realized the Celts were the only people on earth who drank so much that they would try to burn mud."-P.J. O'Rourke Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 07:29:27 +0200 From: "Aikema, J.N. (JohanNico)" <JohanNico.Aikema at akzonobel.com> Subject: (no) more diacetyl please Hi, "Dr. Pivo" <dp at pivo.w.se> writes:>(No modern commercial brewer would like to admit that they are producing them, as they are considered "mistakes",,,,> The modern Alfa brewery in The Netherlands produces beers with a considerable amount of diacetyl. During a visit I made a comment on this and they told me this was deliberately done. A lot of British beers also have a (to high for me) diacetyl level. So, not every brewer considers diacetyl as a "mistake",,,, Greetings from Holland (Europe), Hans Aikema http://www.hopbier.myweb.nl/ Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 21:15:48 +1000 From: "Max McDonohue" <max at hinet.net.au> Subject: Who Is Doctor Pivo? I have been reading here in this digest for some time and decided to ask a few questions. Who is this Doctor Pivo and why does he seem to have such a dislike for Mr Alexander? Are they both in love with the same woman? Which one should I rely on for accurate information about brewing? Or should I just continue learning by myself as I have done for nearly twelve months out here in outback Australia? Max McDonohue Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 07:29:00 -0400 (EDT) From: Steven <stevensl at mindspring.net> Subject: counterflow woes As of late i've had some problems utilizing my counterflow chiller. Seems i get clogging problems with hops in my brewpot when i suction out. I managed to salvage the previous batch by just scrapping the chiller and cooling the wort with ice/water bath, this time after much frustration i just chucked the whole damn batch down the drain. I've got the fearless chiller and quite like it, works great with my apartment-brewery but this clogging is quite frustrating. I made a screen filter utilizing a faucet filter with some 3/8 hose jammed in side with this wrapped inside a stainless "lint" filter, basically a nice wire mesh. This worked for all of 6 seconds till it was covered in hop bitz & goo. Would putting the hops in hopbags improve matters? Some hop particles would make it thru the bag, would this tend to clog the chiller? How do you guys keep from clogging your counterflows? At present my "best" idea is to get a stainless screen/plate about the diameter of my brew pot and drop it in, ala a coffee press, to push the hops and goo to the bottom, siphoning from on top of this. Maybe a false bottom? Steven St.Laurent ::: stevensl at mindspring.net ::: 403forbidden.net "You want the government to handle your medical care? You want the government to take care of your retirement? Go stand in line at a post office." -- Neil Boortz Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 05:15:11 -0700 (PDT) From: Dan Temple <danatemple at yahoo.com> Subject: Bicarbonate precipitation My water has a HCO3(-) content of 350mg/l, and a Ca(2+) content of 100 mg/l. If I want to reduce the ion content to get closer to Pilsen water, I read that boiling for 10 minutes will do the trick, as it will precipitate the bicarbonate as insoluble Calcium Carbonate. However, even assuming complete precipitation, this will only get rid of 100 mg/l HCO3 (Ca(2+) + HCO3(-) => CaCO3 + H(+) ?). Still leaving a huge 250 mg/l HCO3. Acid is mentioned in several texts, but without mentioning which acid (something non-toxic with an insoluble carbonate I guess), or how much to add. Anyone have any experience doing this? Another question - texts (like Daniels) seem to refer to carbonate and bicarbonate completely at random, swapping between uses evey other sentence, and sometimes quoting one and not the other in a water analysis example. What's the real story? My water company only quotes bicarbonate (HCO3). Dane Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 09:13:56 -0400 From: Chuck Mryglot <cmryglot at cisco.com> Subject: Malt Mill Motor HP Does anyone have a recommendation for a minimum HP rating for electric motors to drive a malt mill? In particular I have a Valley Mill. I'm in scrounge mode to find a motor......so far I have a 1/60 HP fan motor that I took from an old dehumidifier. Thanks ChuckM Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 09:37:01 -0500 From: "Doug Hurst" <DougH at theshowdept.com> Subject: Re: you are my club, paranoia I raise my "Hopfen und Malts; Gott erhalts" emblazoned stein to Bob Shotola for his vivid and accurate description of the HBD. Here, Here. Now that would be a party. I would also like to apologize if I implied that Paul with his hemp plugs was a government agent trying to elicit a certain response. It is clear from his follow up post that he is not, and I know that hemp can be perfectly legal. It was just paranoid day for me. Now I have to go, the helecopters are closing in... Brew On! Doug Hurst Chicago, IL Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 10:40:17 -0400 From: "Pannicke, Glen A." <glen_pannicke at merck.com> Subject: You are my Club Bob wrote: >There have been posts of late concerning the benefits and drawbacks of being >a member of a brewing club. I have no club close by and can barely get enough >time to make yeast starters anyway, so you guys are my club and I am >thankful for it. When I log on and read the HBD, I picture guys (mostly, >maybe a few Sheilas) from all walks of life, in a big house party, drinking >beer and sharing stories and information. It goes something like this: Bob, Don't forget to add the few of us gathered on the lawn around a passed-out Graham, poking him with a stick to see if we can make him roll over. I don't care if he doesn't like us Yanks, I still find him amusing ;-) Your post rings true with me. However, I envision a pub scene with the group broken up into it's little discussions at various tables and the occasional cross-talk between tables. Some bring beer, some bring gadgets, while others just bring themselves and an open ear. I belong to a homebrew club in Princeton, NJ (PALE ALES) and the interaction is basically the same as it is on here. Except we get to meet here every day. And if you miss a meeting, you can catch up on it the next day. Glen Pannicke Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 10:28:26 -0400 From: "Alan Meeker" <ameeker at mail.jhmi.edu> Subject: yeast vitality George Fix commented on an ASBC abstract concerning yeast viability/vitality: "One seemed particularly important, and was written by a group of reseachers at Oxford and the Scottish Courage Technical Centre. It is titled "Ale and lager brewing yeast responses to laboratory and brewery storage", and will be presented by Cheryl Jenkins of Oxford. In the course of their analysis they state "Yeast vitality was determined by monitoring glucose induced proton efflux and intercellular glycogen and trehalose level". This is exactly the point I have been trying to make from the start of the yeast evaluation thread. For a yeast cell to simply be "alive" (as determined by utilization of carbohydrates or ability to metabolize dyes) is not sufficient. Contrary to what has been put forward in this forum, one can not ignore intercellular food reserves. It has been my experience that to do so is to invite inconsistent results, particularly with home brew." If you're referring to the recent incarnation of this thread, I don't recall anyone saying measuring viability was sufficient (although it is obviously necessary - dead yeast won't perform regardless of their glycogen/trehalose levels! ). It should be noted that the authors of this study did not merely measure the vitality of the yeast, but assessed viability as well - using both visible and fluorescent dyes as well as plate counting. As far as ignoring yeast food reserves, the more you learn about yeast physiology and the more you experiment with your own fermentations the better prepared you will be to weight the various measurements appropriately. Knowing your yeasts' history is one of the most important factors to keep in mind - doubly important in homebrewing where such measurements of either viability or vitality are often not made at all. For instance, cellular glycogen will primarily be used early in the ferment, during the lag phase, as an energy source for the synthesis of important compounds such as ergosterol and UFAs. Thus initial glycogen levels will carry more or less weight depending on the yeasts' lipid charge and wort oxygenation level. If the yeast is coming off of a prior anaerobic fermentation it will likely be sterol/UFA-depleted and high glycogen levels will then be an asset in the new fermentation. In addition, if the yeast have been stored anaerobicaly for a prolonged period of time they will have slowly depleted their glycogen reserves which may lead to a lengthening of the lag phase. On the other hand, if the pitching yeast were freshly grown in the presence of oxygen, then glycogen levels may be less important as less glycogen will be needed compared to sterol/UFA depleted yeast. The role of the disaccharide trehalose appears to still be somewhat controversial, but there is fairly broad agreement that in yeast it functions as a general stress protectant, with membrane stabilization being its primary mode of action. Thus, greater trehalose levels will be more important if heading into a stressful situation such as inordinate temperature, or osmotic stress. In the study alluded to, the authors goal was to correlate yeast performance with storage conditions. Their performance assessment included yeast replication, wort attenuation, flocculation, and importantly - flavor development. It will be interesting to see what their results were. As far as judging your yeasts' health in the homebrew setting, ideally one would like to have measures of both viability and vitality that you know will correlate with the yeasts' performance in your system. How far to go down this road is a decision each homebrewer has to make for him/herself. In lieu of such tests this there are plenty of simple things (oxygenation/aeration during starter step-ups, short storage times post-ferment if re-pitching, etc.) that homebrewers can do to maximize the health of one's pitching yeast. Simple and reliable tests for both viability and vitality are valuable additions to any homebrewers armamentarium. HTH -Alan Meeker Lazy Eight Brewery ("Where the possibilities are limitless") Baltimore, MD Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 10:43:06 -0400 From: MAB <mabrooks12 at yahoo.com> Subject: Grant/Hopback >In a recent post by Louis B: >Commercial systems avoid this by using a grant, which is >often nothing more than a small open vessel into which the MLT runoff flows >by gravity, and out of which the sweet wort is pumped. I use a grant/hopback....and it serves both purposes very well. It is important not to undersize the unit....size it for the purpose of a grant then use it for the hopback as well. A half gallon is about as small as I would go to insure you have enough of a buffer so you dont drain the unit if your speed control gets off a little while your not watching. If set up properly you can heat the grant to maintain the proper mash temp and not have to worry about direct fireing your Mash Tun. The H:W ratio of the unit is important, as is the height of the unit above the pump inlet...NPSH/ tubing headloss considerations should be closely examined. As Louis B. said, as long as you dont pump faster than you can drain naturaly your bed wont compact, and you wont have to spend your time trying to break/stir it up to get proper flow. Also, a non-compacted mash is ideal to insure uniform heating of the grains (especially during step a mash), it also reduces the wall effect of the mash tun (i.e. all the wort will run down the wall of the tun if it is the path of least resistance). Matt B. Northern VA. Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 09:47:57 -0500 From: "Joseph Marsh" <josephmarsh62 at hotmail.com> Subject: re: a mystery resolved Dave, Don't throw out those plastic buckets. I started out using 10 gal food grade buckets and changed over to glass carboys. BUT lugging around a glass jug filled with beer to be is more then a little scary to me. So now the carboys sit in the buckets (with handles) and they're easy to move around. Easy to set up as a swamp cooler too. I figure you've probably already thought of that but this may help a new brewer or two. Good brewing, Joe Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 12:00:15 -0400 From: "St.John O'Neill" <st.john_o'neill at ymca.ca> Subject: Can cranberries kill a primary ferment? I'm wondering if anyone can shed some light on a non-existant fermentation On Friday night I tried to make a rasberry wheat beer from extract. I'm going to germany for 4 weeks this coming weekend, and though I'd be able to leave the beer in the primary for a week, then rack into secondary for the 4 weeks I'm gone before bottling when I get back. Unfortunatly, I've had no sign of fermentation starting. Technique was Boiled two cans of Coopers wheat/malt extract in 3 Galons of water for 25 minutes, then cooled to 20C with an immersion chiller. Opened tap on kettle and poured wort into primary bucket containing 3 gallons of pre-boiled water. Added 1.2 kg of frozen raspberries and 250mL of pure cranberry extract*. Stirred to combine, then aerated for 2 hours with an airstone and aquarium pump bubbling through a charcoal filter and water trap. I had reserved about 500mL of wort before adding the fruit, shook to aerate, and rehydrated 2 packets of fresh coopers ale yeast on this. After 20 minutes, the yeast was foaming away merrily. Pitched it into the primary, and happily went to bed. OG was 1.040 sunday night, room temperature = 20C Was a bit dismayed on Saturday when there was no sign of fermentation starting. A bit worried on Sunday when there was still no sign of fermentation. I stirred up the wort on Sunday afternoon, and took a sample of it. It did have a slight yeast smell. I added some of the sample to a sugar water solution, but as of Sunday night, had no sign of yeast growth in the sugar solution. When I tasted the sample it was sweet, but I could also detect an acidic bite. The only pH test strips I had access to on Sunday was a neighbour's pool chemistry kit, which was only accurate between 6.8 and 8.4, but it showed the pH to be considerably below 6.8 (noticably yellow instead of orangy on the test strip). Certainly when I added some baking soda to the sample, it foamed vigourously. I'm going to try and get a more accurate pH reading after work on Monday. Now on Monday, still no sign of fermentation after 60 hours. Gravity still 1.040. Do cranberries have an anti-biotic effect on yeast? If the wort is too acidic, can it be brought up to about 5.5 or so and yeast re-pitched? Have I managed to kill the beer? Is it saveable, or should it just be dumped and chalked up to experience? Any insight would be much appreciated. St.John O'Neill Hamilton, Ontario St.John_O'Neill at ymca.ca stjohn_oneill at hotmail.com *Berries and fruit extract were held at 65C for 45 min in an attempt to sanitize without forming too much of a pectin haze in the final beer. Cranberry extract was from the organic section of the supermarket: Ingredients = 100% cranberries, Instructions = 'add one part extract to five parts water or fruit juice for a delicious, refreshing drink' Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 13:10:06 -0400 From: Phil Wilcox <pjwilcox at cmsenergy.com> Subject: Ala & Fl Beers??? Hbd, A brewer in my club and good personal friend is driving from Jackson, Mi to Panama City, FL late this week. What brands of Micro's/brewpubs should he be looking for once he gets down there. Are there any must stop at's along the way Especially through Alamaba? Phil Wilcox Prison City Brewers Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 14:21:55 EDT From: Himsbrew at aol.com Subject: sparging greetings, I'm about to go all-grain soon. can someone tell me the reason that it is better to use a sparge arm set-up as opposed to just running the water onto the grain bed and maintaining an inch or so of water on top? thanks- Jim Cuny [himsbrew at aol.com] Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 12:29:02 -0700 (PDT) From: Bob Regent <regent at removethis.newsguy.nospam.com> Subject: MCAB3 Presentation Material Several of the MCAB3 PowerPoint presentation are now available at: http://www.bayareamashers.org/mcab3/presentations/presentations.htm A few are quite large so you may want to download these rather than viewing online. Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 15:15:46 -0700 (PDT) From: jeff storm <stormyjeff at rocketmail.com> Subject: RE: Fermenting in a Refridgerator I am new to homebrewing, in fact I am still reading and learning before I brew my first batch. I have a question about fermentation and temperature. I live in San Jose CA where the temp gets warm this time of year. I do not have a basement and the garage gets too hot at times for the optimal fermentation temp. I have read that some people use a refridgerator for the fermentation process because they can control the temp. My question is, I have seen some devices that control the temp of the fridge since most fridges, even on the lowest setting have a hard time getting above 40-45 degrees(according to what I have read). If the temp for an ale should be between 60-70 degrees, is this device the only way to accomplish this in the fridge? Just curious before I invest $40-50 in one of these devices. Are there any other suggestions to controlling the fermentation temp without a fridge? I have been told you can put the carboy in a larger bucket of water to regulate the temp. Since CA has the joy of rolling blackouts, I have not turned on my AC so the temp in the house is probably anywhere from 65-74 degrees, depending on the time of day. Thanks for the help. As a newbee I am trying to learn so I don't brew skunk beer or worse. Jeff Storm San Jose CA Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 18:35:35 -0400 From: "Bob" <bsmntbrewr at home.com> Subject: fridge help Brewers, I need the Fridge Guy! or anyone else for that matter on this one..... I checked the archives and such but I don't have hours to spend looking through that kind of volume, so here goes... Chest freezer, no idea of brand, (bought used a couple of years ago) used with Johnson Controls temp controller, freezer stays on all the time and can only get down to 41*F. Likely culprits and trouble shooting advice desired. What do I need to know here? Bob Bratcher Roanoke, VA Star City Brewers Guild http://hbd.org/starcity Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 19:24:32 -0400 From: "Mark Tumarkin" <mark_t at ix.netcom.com> Subject: re: Panhandle Beers Phil Wilcox asked about beer suggestions for a friend & brewclub member driving to Panama City, FL and also about stops in Alabama....Sorry, Phil, can't help with suggestions in Alabama, but here's some places in Florida. First, Panama City Brewery & Cafe in Panama City. 850-230-2739, www.pcbrewery.com Don't know your friend's route, but here are a couple of brewpubs in other cities, more or less in the vacinity. Pensacola - McGuire's Irish Pub 850-654-0567 or Destin 850-654-0567. They have a barleywine with the creative name of "I'll Have What the Gentleman on the Floor is Having" Fort Walton Beach - Santa Rosa Bay Brewery 850-664-2739 Tallahassee - The Buckhead Bar & Grill 850-942-4047 All the above are members of the Florida Brewers Guild, www.floridabrewersguild.org The only one I've been in myself is the Buckhead. I've had beers from Santa Rosa and McQuire's at beer festivals and both were good. Never had any of the Panama City Brewery offerings. If he goes through Tally though, I'd highly recommend a stop at the Buckhead. Wayne Wambles is the brewer, and does some very creative & good quality beers. He's also a really nice guy, and it's not hard to get him talking about beer. Actually, it's hard to get him to talk about anything else. Mark Tumarkin Gainesville, FL Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 19:21:54 -0400 From: "Stephen Alexander" <steve-alexander at worldnet.att.net> Subject: re: cycloheximide question David Harsh asks ... >> The cycloheximide kills any the brewers yeast present... > >What specifically does this mean? Saccharomyces only? Louis' test creates a differential medium in which yeast die and other 'infection' organisms survive and show their presence. Cycloheximide kills saccharomyces yeast and many other non-saccharomyces yeasts as well. For this reason it is not a perfect differentiater, but there isn't a perfect one. I had access to Cambridge yeast catalog a couple years back and the tables indicate that perhaps 60% of non-saccharomyces species are susceptible to cycloheximide, tho' certainly not all of these would thrive in wort. Some well known beer infecting yeast like S.diastaticus and S.pastorianus are susceptible to cycloheximide. Louis' test should work well for detecting bacterial infection and somewhat less well for yeast infections. The limitation is that some infections will not be detected (false negative). In one study (not at hand) a large percentage of wild Saccharomyces yeasts wort infections were strong phenolic flavor producers, so Pivo's sniffometer or a tongue may be helpful in detecting some of those infections that aren't detected by cycloheximide. -S Return to table of contents
Date: Sun, 13 May 2001 04:21:35 -0500 From: Bill Frazier <billfrazier at worldnet.att.net> Subject: Veltins All this posting of award winning beer recipes has piqued my interest in the recipe for a certain German Pilsener Beer, Veltins. My son brought me two very nice plastic cases of empty, 1/2 liter Veltins bottles ( to be filled with pilsner homebrew). Curious about a beer that was delivered in such nice cases I started looking and found it in the largest liquor store between St. Louis and Denver. It's a great beer. I don't believe it's brewed with Saaz as it tastes different from my all-saaz pilsners. Has anyone else tried this beer and do you have a clue as to what hops are used? Congratulations to all the MCAB3 winners. Quite an accomplishment in an elite group. Bill Frazier Olathe, Kansas Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 18:22:40 -0700 From: "Jack Smith" <jack at plix.com> Subject: PubCrawl Portland, Oregon My Homebrew Club in NE Washington is planning a tour/pubcrawl of Portland, OR's Breweries and Brewpubs. I am soliciting any suggestions, tips, or "must sees" from the group. Thanks, Jack Colville, Washington Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 18:42:35 -0700 (PDT) From: Drew Beechum <Drew.Beechum at disney.com> Subject: AHA Conference Reminder Ladies and Gentlebrewers... remember tommorrow/today, Tues. May 15th, is the last day to catch the special early bird rates for the 2001 AHA Conference in Los Angeles. Check the website at http://www.beerodyssey.com/ for more information or call 1-888-U-CAN-BREW to sign up. Just out curiousity how many people are planning on going this year? - -- Drew Webmaster, www.beerodyssey.com Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 22:28:42 -0500 From: "Rob Moline" <jethrogump at home.com> Subject: AHA BOA ELECTION AHA BOA ELECTION The AHA BOA Election is on it's last few days. And while my mailbox is growing ever more cramped, (not an unwelcome diversion, proportionately the bills seem smaller!), I was presented recently with a new notion, voting via the web for the BOA. Indeed, a member stated that if I didn't accept his vote via the e-mail he had sent, I wouldn't be receiving any vote from him for his preferred candidates. Of course, I informed him, agreeing with him that this was 2001, I would accept his vote, and enter him into the Lallemand Scholarship with a second entry, (I presume he had a first entry). I then received a second e-mail positing the same scenario, and have accepted that vote. While I make no apologies for not, as Secretary, issuing an option for web based voting, I feel certain that it will become an option, and possibly the preferred method for future years elections. In fact, past precedents dictated the voting method I inherited. NONETHELESS, I shall, as Secretary of the AHA BOA, empowered to oversee elections, agree to accept any voting for the AHA BOA Candidates, via E-Mail, for the same period of time alloted to the original concept of snail mail voting......your votes via e-mail must occur prior to midnight Pacific Time, on the 17th of May, 2001. I will accept any valid votes from registered AHA members, via the web, to jethrogump at home.com as long as they are accompanied by your membership number, name, and e-mail address. Cheers! Rob Moline Secretary AHA BOA jethrogump at home.com Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 23:50:53 -0500 From: ensmingr at twcny.rr.com Subject: yeast Much recent talk on the HBD about yeast physiological state: viability, vitality, etc.. Also, many MCAB-3 award winners have posted recipes saying they have pitched the wort of prize-winning beer on top of the yeast sediment of a previous batch of (typically lower OG) beer. My impression is that the yeast in the sediment that remains after a batch of beer has fermented, although abundant, would be in a physiological state unfavorable for fermentation of beer. What say ye award winners and yeast geeks? Cheerio! Peter A. Ensminger Syracuse, NY Life Under the Sun: http://www.yale.edu/yup/lifesun Return to table of contents
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